Friday, April 29, 2011

SOME OF VIKING LORE

SOME OF THE VIKING LORE


In 810 AD there was a solar eclipse visable in the north country and Charle Mange son of Pepin was inagurated as king of Franks at Denis Monastary at Dungal.

With this era of enlightenment Ireland was invaded by a Danish fleet of 140 ships in 849.

These Dubhgals from the north attached the Finegals at Dublin as Anlaf, Ivar and Sitrick arrived from the north Norway [Nor Bhaoi] North Bay.

Amlaf to Dublin
Ivar to Limerick
Sitrick to Waterford and Cork.

The Irish submitted to this three pronged fleet and paid tribute.

At the time of the Lochlainn/Danish incursion Niall Caille M Aed Oirdnide m Neill was king in Ireland and king of Aileach fort in Donegal.

Niall died at the Callan River in Armagh in 843 drowning there after the battle of Leith Chaim with the Normandy Vikings who had arrived in Ireland with 60 ships.

He had been King for 13 years since 830 and is allegedly buried in Aramgh at the hill of the Monks where there is a view of all 6 northern counties.
This grave and probably a convent church left to time and decay today as are most of the historical sites of Ireland.

These roving people were known as gentiles or lochlanders and were proficiant sea voyagers. Long armed, large handed ,big men who were strong and hardy.
Not particularly interested in either God or book learning.
They were skilled in material lore, navigation and trading.
Proficinet in Sagas and sea chants and probaly decendents o fthe Phonecian [Fonecian second child of the stone age or under chiefs of sadness.

It was the ancient mariner Phonicians who developed the alphabet and gave it to the Greeks.

Niall Caille O Neill was succeeded as Irish /Aileach king by his child Aed Finnliath who ruled from 863- 876 ,after a gap of 20 years between father and son.

Aed listed as the 38th Milisian king of Ireland.


It is possible the 20 years gap noted between Niall Caille of the North and his son Aed was only the customary sharing of power between the ruling branches of the north O Neill and the South O Neill as Finnliath himself was not succeded by eitehr of his notable sons, Domhnaill of Aileach or Niall Glundub, but by Flann Sinna O Neill of the southern branch.
He who achieved the Ard Ri in 879 Ad.


Before the Viking Norse invasions the were no foreigners in Ireland.
Those from previous invasions having been absorbed creating a seaparte people with specific genetic heritage and racial charateristics.

These earlier amalgamations were of tribes of the same genetic ancestory of old.
The Partalon and Fir Bolg and the Nemedians and the formor all belonging to a comman ancestry as well maybe, the Danannain as well as the last invasion of Mili from Spain.

Then Ireland was basically left alone after this some 1500 or so years during some 5 derbfines of time had amalgamated the island population into a racial unit.

The viking of the North Bay disrupted this amalgamation even though they themselves were cousinal relations of the existing Irish population of 850 AD.

The Brehon law prevailed as common and traditional law and unwritten rights.
This was the Great Code, Senchus Mor codifided by Patric and his commission in 435 AD or so and the compilation of common and statue law for the Irish stood from 1500 years till James Stuart declared it unlawful and replaced the old Brehon compilation with the Engish law in 1603.


But Aed an ancestor of the Donnellys made alliance with the Danes and in consert with them raided Meath than held by Lorcan O Conor who Aed blinded and this prince was subseqently drowned by Anlaf of Dublin part of the Alliance of the Hi Neill.
This raid was conducted from his Hi Neill post in Armagh.

Anlaf was subsequently killed in Scotland around 846 AD at Straith Clyde.
Aed Finliath ruled in Irelands for 16 years after that and died peacefully in his own bed in 879 AD.

Ivar, brother of Anliaf king of the Norse, sailed up the Shannon Esturay to Limerrick where he established a Norse stonghold.
The Irish were inland when their Norwegian raiders cousins came who preferred to stay with their port ships rather than scourge the contryside and like the early English traders and trappers in North American and the South Seas kept their settlements near the sea and traded with the native people rather than trying to divest them of their land and stock.

The roving sailors however were brethern and demaneded tribute and women as well as quarters in bad weather so that in every farmstead were one or 2 quartered soldeirs who not only made themselves comfortable from the the fam produce but demanded satisfaction from the farmers daughter and perhaps a wife leading to much ranquor against these sailor fellows which thus has given naval forces around the world a reputation for raping, precocious livng, pirating and whoring .

The Vikings however were strong and well armed and very little could be done to distroy them.

Plus there were more in the north who would readily take ship to defend their brethern in these outpost lands of plenty by Danish standards.

The Dublin port headed by Anlaf was not even recovered after the Norse were driven off to the sea by Brian Boruma in 1014, but held their city and alliance with Leinster still even after the Norman Invasion.

They not only traded and allied with the Irish for centuries they married and bred with them creating a new race in the county called the Hiber/Norse.
This the Norse did in all their habitations from
Russia France, England ,Scotland and possibly ports south leaving us there offspring.

When the Norse men first came into Ireland they, as seamen, had a great distain for the Churchmen living in their separate enclaves made of stone.
These called the monastery which is probably a Norse word meaning womans territory.
Having first come to such abbeys run and occupied by women Nuns and probably also viewed the effeminate priggish monks as womanish.

They therefore got pleasure in tormenting these male servants of God in throwing their precious books and manuscripts ,musical chants, and other delvings and poems they considered trival, non practical pursuits by tossing these manuscripts and rolls into various lakes tied to stones to annoy and disburb the distraught christains.

This then in their desire to remain ignorant and proud of it , distroying at least 1/2 of the ancient history and storys of Ireland and the continents pre christain days.

A few pieces were sent back to Norway to their own kings and some smuggled out with trade to the various monk houses on the continent particulary to Germany,France and northern Italy.

If any went as far as Rome they have also been lost as the Vatican makes no effort to discover or reveal their secretive collection to their true owners and nations.

The Norse did eventually accept christainity after settling and establishing their own independent orders not only in Ireland but in Scotland ,Great Britain Russia the Isle, the Isle of Man and the north Bay colony of fiords and vessels itself.

In 900 Danes were driven from Dublin but Godfried, grandson of Ivar who had established the Norse settlement at Limerick recovered the town and south Ireland submitted to him.'

Although Aeds child Domnaill of Aileach ruled the north, Aed married Mal Muire, daughter of Kenneth M Alpine the grandson of Urgusia a Pict, the dauhter of Fergus who was Scots Irish.
[In the sense that he was Irish and the brother of a past king who had moved to Argyle in Scotland and hence was deamed Scots Irish not the Scots Irish we know in the US today as soldiers of Cromwells forces migrated from the Norht of Ireland to the USA].

Mac Alpine had united Albany and Pict including the stone of Destiny brought from Ireland by Achy Fergus to Argyle.

Mac Alpine took the stone to Scone where it rested till Edward I m John took it to Westminster Abbey.

Kenneth son of Alpine conquered the Picts entirely and created the Scotish kingdom by uniting Albany and Pictland now called Scotland.

Aed Finnliath married Kenneths daughher Mal Muire ,the mother of Niall Glundub O Neill, who subsequently overthrew his brother Donnall at Aileach.
Took the leadership of the north Ui Neill and thus entitled to the Ard Ri when Flann Sinna O Neill died in 916 AD.

Flann had also taken the woman Mal Marie as wife after her husaband Aed had died thus giving him control of the northern Ui Neill as well as the south.

In 907 Cormac mc Cullachan, king of Munster and Bishop of Cashel fought the battle of Moy Lena in Offaly [kings county] and the high Neill of north submittd to him.

Flann Sinna O Neill and the north Leith Cuin and Laigen fought against Mumna, Eoganach and Cormac himself was killed at Moy Lena.
600 Munster men died there as recorded in the Psalter of Cashel which later disappeared under the Norman dispute between silken Thomas of Kildare and Butler of Ormond.

It may well be in Trinity College Library still unread or it may have been spirited to England and Bodelien Library as Butler last had it from Fitzgerald as his ransom.
Of what value is an Irish history when weighed against a Norman princes life?

When Flann Sinna O Neill died [decc] in 916 his son in law Niall Glundub O Neill became King.

Flann Sinna Himself hird Danes and collaborated with these allys to conquer Munster.
But after the Battle of Dublin fought against the Danes by Niall Glundub O Neill, Niall mac Hugh ,in which Niall was killed in 920 he was succeded by Donough O Neill of the southern O Neill and was later suceeded by Nialls son,Muirchertach mac Niall mic Hugh Aed Finnliath.
Murchertach of the leather cloaks.
King of Aileach Grianna lis.

He vanquished the Danes in Ulster driving them from Loch Neagh port and the upper Bann river and in 931 he again pushed them out of Loch Erne taking from them 200 heads.

This prince of Aileach joined forces with his cousin Donagh m Neill attached Norsemen and devistated Dublin.
But Callachan king of Cashel always on the Danish side held Dublin with 200 men.

By 937 Anlaf king of Dublin fought at north Umbria against the Anglo Saxon King Athelstan.
Anlaf at the head of his Irish Norse army to the battle of BrunanBuck.

Anlaff's daugher married Constantine of Albany Scotland.
The battle of Albany was fought and many killed.
Athelstan the Saxon king won and Anlaf lost.

In 921 Armagh was burned by Godfried. The Culdees spared as they were clerics over the Cathederal.
The diposed Domnall Mc Hugh former King of Aileach and the north became a pilgrim and a culdee after Niall took over the government reins.
He had 4 sons but they did not contest his decision or his overthrow by his younger brother.
The Danes ,the Norwegains and the Saxon spoke the same language and could understand each other.

By 943 Muirchertach O Neill died in battle against the Danes.

In 944 Donogh O Neill died and Congailach O Neill ruined Dublin and the Danes.

By 956 Congalach died in battle against the Danes and Leinster and Domnall Mic Muircertach O Neill began his 24 year reign.

In 980 Domnall died and was followed by his southern ONeill cousin, Malachy the Great. Maoilsechniall took the high kingship at 30 years old.
He was the last king of the O Neill dynasty of 600 years which began with Niall 9 O Neill in 379 AD.

He proclaimed the Irish free of Danish servitude.
The battle of Tara was fought and Reginald mic Anlaf was killed.

Eidersgeal the ancient tribute was ended.
[This was the tribute established by Tauthal Teachmar about 1000 AD]

In 983 Brian Boruma mic Ceannidig of Dal Cass stood against Malachy 2 and the country was re divided between them.
Brian Leath Mog and Malachy Leath Cuin.
Prisoners were released and exchanged.

In 977 Brian and Malacy had made a treaty.
By 975 the Palace at Tara was overgrown in Weeds.
In 995 Brain Boruma burned Tara to the Ground.

The battle of Glennmama ,fought in 1000 AD eliminated Harold Mic Anlaf and 50 ONeill chiefs were with Malachy,but Malachy gave the soverienty of Ireland to Brain mic Kennedy and Tyrone O Neills and Clann Colman were excluded from the successsion by Brian.

Flaithbertach O Neill refused Brain hostages in 1000 AD.

In 1008 the southern O Neill fought Brians forces at Athlone and won.
and Aod, Prince of the north grandson of Muirchertach o Neill
Roydama was killed at the Battle of Tulka Woods, Ulster.

In 1013 Meath was invaded by Mael Morda and Danes with Leinstermen.
Flann m Malachy was killed.

Brian Kennedy refused to help Maolsechnial O Neill.

All scandanavia came to conquer Ireland totally.
Brudair
Conmaol of Dublin
Cornwall and Wales and Briton all attached to the Danes.
Brian Boru was 88 years old.

1300 Danes, 300 Laigen, 1600 in all against 7000 Irish.

400 were killed at the battle of Clontarb in 1013 fought over the Easter week,Friday, Saturday and Sunday.

Brian was praying in his tent when Brudair came and struck him in the head with an ax,killing the old leader.

Malachy o Neill resumed command and in 1016 Danish Dublin was distroyed by his army and his south Ui Neill kin.
The Danish king Sitrick was again defeated in Lynster in 1022 and Malachy subdued Ulster.

In 1018 Malachy defeated the northern o Neill and the Eugenia of Cashel Eoganach as were the Connact men and in 1022 AD Malachy defeated the Norse once more at Yellow Ford, Ath Boi.

Mailsechnial died in 1022 and was the last of the dynastic o Neills.
His career had begin with Norse raids in his country and ended the same.
With this demise, kings with opposition began with Donnchad m Brian Kennedy and this path of a split in the assemby of nobles and tribes as to the chief and ruler continued till the Norman invasion when Herny 2 of England imposed his English order on the Irish lords with a program of submission and grant and regrant.

The Hiber/Norse were absorbed into the general population or went home to the Isles, Scoland, the Isle of Man and Normandy.

Their castle remains on Cook Street covering an entire city block on Cook street just south of the Liffy Merchants Quay along with other ruins and landmarks in S W Dublin along the route.

A tour is now given by the Tourist Bord through their once owned streets and quays.

The Norse established besides Dublin, Cork, Galway, Limerich, Loch Neagh ports, Waterfod, Wexford and most of todays large town of Ireland.

The Irish then as now remained clannish and farmers of their small village clachans, struggling to kep together their own culture, language, religious beliefs and rewards.

At the end of 300 years from 850-1150 the Normans came in and a new wave again put Norse who had settled in north France and mingled with the indigenious people there ruling Irish affairs.

This French Norse system prevaled from 1200-1500 when the English came under Henry 8th and his daughter culminating in 1603 with the death of Elizabeth I and the establihsment of the Plantation system with total confiscation of Irish lands and land systems of distribution.

The Irish nobility and warriors became peasants and wild geese.

The Irish peasant became the church tenant or a beggar on the road.
The Irish middle class of Bard and traders and ollam became itinerant minstrels, preforming or treating the new lordships to survive.
This system continued unenteruped and viciously throught the reign of Victoria Regina when Famine, the Great Hunger overcame the Irish hold on their country, language and life itself.

They escaped where they could to solicit more hostile situations than they had at home; ie: No Irish Need Apply and Join the Army- death at the battle fields of the US Civl War.
Grosse Island dead of typhoid and contagion. Dead of the Fever.

Serving lesser lords all over Europe and praying on their knees in the chuches and cathederals of the continent.

In 1916 some dissident Republicans rebeled openly against the Crown rule and although they we all shot in emitional rebuttal at Killmanham jail and hospital on Dublisn Westside their act held and the British troops were overcome and a treaty drawn allowing home rule .

A civil war insued over the partial free state and the total refusal of the prodestant led English Scots of N E Uslter to accept the break with the Crown, leading to closing of 6 of the northern counties and shores from the rest of the island creating economic problems and religions divides holding a noose around the neck of the small island which still threatens to hang them all if they cannot be drawn and quatered before hand by the 86 billion debt and the land jeprosized. The remaining 5 Million people left to cope with this in 2010.

As they came in centuries past to the western ilse, the emerald of grass ,the secuity of the herd, the untapped resourse of the great forest, and the healty inovative people,the history of invasion continues under EU s laws and the islands children stand poised to survive by Immigration.

Judi Donnelly
copyright 1 May 2011

sourse: Notes

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