Thursday, October 28, 2010

The Life of St patrick

Life of St Patrick

The most famous St Patrick was said by the learned that his family had migrated to Britain from the east when Titus and Vespasian scattered the Jewish tribes throughout the world.
It was said that was the time that Patricks ancestors came to Britain.

Patrick was of the Ail Cluade Britons who were living at the Rock of Clyde, Dumbarton.

His grandfather was called Potius and he was a deacon and his father was of the Britons of Ailcluade one of which married a friendly lady called Concess, ingen of Ochimas of France ,and she a sister of Martin of Tours.
[Ailcluade is the rock of Clyde, Dunbarton]

Patrick was born in Nemptor on a flagstone[ flagstones by rivers were common birth places in that era].
When Patrick was to be born king of Britain came to visit his mother and she washed the kings feet and entertained him but his wife was jeleous of Concess and gave her a drink of poison.
Patrick however made the poison drink into a stone and when he was born he was baptized by Sornias a blind youth who made the sign of the cross over the ground with the infants hand and a well spring up.

Through the holy water Sornias was able to see again and on that space over the well a church was built as 3 miracles had come about,
the well spring
the healing of a blind cleric
the ability of the cleric to read.

Patrick was taken in fosterage by his aunt, sister of Concess and he was raised at Nemptor.
There was a flood at Patrick aunts house when he was small and that came through the rooms and was so high and flooded the furnishing and this killed and put out the hearth fire.

Patrick however continued to ask for his food, as a child would.
His nurse said to him,
'That is not the troubles that is on us now'.

Patrick went to a dry place in the house and put water in his hands.
As it trickled down to the floor it became fire and the new fire blazed up again.

In that day the floors were usaully sod packed or in a wealthy cottage covered with a flagstone so fire would not set the floor on fire.

This flood occurred in the Nemptor

Patrick was also charged was a child to do chores .
One of these being to bring in firewood faggots.
At one time be brought instead icecycles and his foster mother said it would have been better to have brought twigs and withered woood to warm with.
However Patrick flung his icecycles in the fire and they flamed up with the woood.

This author has seen that done in the cold states of the north before oil came in as a major heating supply.
In those days everone kept a cut woodpile outdoors and its stock were usuall covered with an ice cover in the early NOv.,Dec. winter months when rain then freezing was and still is common.
The men frequently put these iced wood pieces directly in the fire and they sizzeled and cracked and popped which we were facinated with. Magic!
And the good men of the house smiled and encouraged us to enjoy this wizardry.
Perhaps they were , chara do Patrick.

The child was also required to herd sheep which Pat did with his sister Lupait.
The lambs ran to their dams as it is their custom to drink warm milk and when Pat and Lupait had to prevent this usurping of the family milk cheese and butter supply , Lupait fell on her head struck a stone that she might die.
Patrick made the sign of the cross over her and the wound healed and she was well at once.
At one time a wolf came and took a sheep while Pat was watching them and took of a sheep to which his aunt was very angry with him.
But next day the wolf brought back the sheep and the food was restored to them from the teeth of a wolf.
A miricle indeed.

A cow went mad in the Byre ,a place for milking the cows, and the crazy cow put her horns through the other cows and killed the 6 cows, all of them best milkers.
Than she escaped to the wood and the Devil had entered her.

The Sucat came and restored life to the 6 dead cows and gave a blessing [beanachta] to the mad cow who thus became as gentle as a lamb.

Patricks father, mother and aunt ,sister of ms south, was beholden to the king of Ail Cuaide.
They were required to come to the kings bidding to clean his hearth and to pay him a tribute of curd and butter.
This request for tribute was made in winter time and not available.
However Patrick made curd of the snow and some butter and gave his offering to the king.
In future Patricks tribute was always snow- the Sneacta.

When Patrick grew to a youth the king of Britain had 4 sons who were in exile.
The sons had raided Amorica in France and made havoc there.
Some of Patricks kin where over there on a journey were killed by these raids.
Calpernuis m Potitus, Pats father was slain [marbad] along with his mother Concess.
Patrick and his sisters Lupait and Tigres were seized.

The 4 sons then went around Ireland where they sold Patrick to Miliuc Macc Buain the King of Dal Raidia.

They sold the 2 sisters elsewhere and they did not know where each other were.
Patricks services were to the king
Miliuc and his 3 brothers.
Each of the chiefs he was in service to felt he belonged to them and they each demanded service of him with 1 meal per watch.
Sucat is Patrick baptized name.
Cothraige as a servant
Mag Onius from Germanicus
Patricius, father of the citizens , so called by Pope Celestius.

When Miliuc found him to be a faithful servant he bought out the interst of tht 3 brothers and he served Miliuc after.
He entrused the servant Clothraige to head his swind [muc] in the wilderness at Slemish [Slebi Mis]

In those days on an island such as Ireland is, ragardless of British law, pigs were let to root in the many forests of oak and other mast nuts.
They therefore lead a clean and wholesome life and were not kept in sloth or pig pens breeding desease a they are today.

The problem with this self support system , a major food suppy, was the pigs did not always come home.
Thus a search needed to be made through out the island kingdoms to find them and recover them if they wandered over into the territory of an ajoining chieftain or provinical king.
The swine herders were employed for small remunertion, by bought slaves from capture and sale as Patrick, or by tribute paid and contracts made between either the kings reigning and their subchiefs.

Thus a herder taking care of himself and living in the wild with the pigs, keept track of his master property and where possible herded away from another chieftain land where they could be comfincated like mana from Heaven.
The many stone fence pastures of west Ireland covering west of Shannon Ireland maybe indication of an early attempt to keep the pigs and sheep in line within these stone fences distroying profit to others who might confiscate the animals wondering around.
Whereas east of Shannon and in the north profit territories were designed by a physical bounder such as mountains like Ben Burb and the Curlews,streams, rivers and pillar stones.
Frequently also used as burial sites for the noble rulers.

However Patrick had and developed to faith on the job and frequently conversed with an angle called Victor in the English but unamed in the Irish text.
This all taking place at Naraila Aid chi Caigthi, a territory designated as his station.

Miliucs children came to Patrick daily with his food ration and he gave the children instuction in christain piety as was told to him by the angel.
At that time Miliuc had a dream in which Patricks mouth was full of fire and when he Miliuc put that fire out of Pats mouth it burned his children to ashes and they were scattered throughout Ireland.

It was customary for the pagan Irish to free the thralls [bonds] every 7 years.
Miliuc did not want to release Pat and so he brought the sister Lupait and gave her to Pat.
They were married but Pat questioned her and the 2 spent the night praying.
He did not know this was his sister but Miliuc had with intent of keeping Patrick in his household got the girl for him to marry and thus settle down in Ireland.

In the morning because of the sun in Lupaits face, he asked of this and she told him he was her brother.
Had herded sheep with him and from each other this was Sucat the brother.
They thanked God and went together into the wilderness.

While he was there a vessel was made ready to take him to Rome.
Patrick refused to leave Miliuc with out his consent and went to the Chief.
Miliuc refused to let him go without the payment of a gold talent which of course Patrick did not have.
He was told by his angel that a boar digging and rutting in the dirt will dig you a mass of gold.
When Sucat had this he was allowed his freedom.
Miliuc did not want Pat to leave and sent his men to bring him back but they did not overtake Patrick.

Patrick went to the hui Neill to Sen Chianan[ Cianan] but this chief sold Pat for a a cauldron of brass.
The chief set this cauldron of brass on a wall of his house and could not release his hands.
His wife came and her hands were stuck fast .
Than the help of his household came and all were stuck fast to the cauldron which was stuck fast to the wall.
Patrick was called to help them and he did so releasing them when they repented.

Patrick than boarded a forieng ship and a great storm came upon them.
When they came to land they were hungry and Pat provided fresh meat from pigs for them and drink.
He than went after the ships crossing to Nemptor.

He then crossed the Ictian Sea[ the channel] to south east Italy where was Germanus the sage and bishop of Europe,where he studied the cannons.
Then he went to Tours in Franc.and St Martin who tonsured him.
He was 30 years of age.

He stayed these 30 years
Than 40 years in Ireland.
This would make him approximatly 100 years old when he died in Ireland.
By these figures Patrick arrived in Irleand in 432 and was thus born in 372 AD at Nemptor At Clyde Dunbarton.

Germanius then sent Patrick to Rome where he was ordained a bishop and Egidius as his witness.
Patrick was encouraged to go and preach to the Gael but he was not sure of the mission as he know of the hard heartedness of the Gael.
Patrick recieved his bishoprick from Celestinus the 45th Pope, and Patrick was sent to Ireland to replace Pelagius who went home to Britain whre he died.
The Gael wound not accept his preaching and it was Celestinus who gave Sucait/Clothraige the name Patrick.

3 quires were issued to his household ,the ruins and the children of the Wood of Fochlad.

As Patrick sailed to Ireland he saw before him on the shore asking for a place in the boat, a leper.
Instead Patrick threw him his flagstone.

He arived at a harbor and out to Iver De do Cualann.
The fishermen there did not welcome him and when Sinell m Findchad believed in him and a beanachta [blessing] was given on this man and his children.
He went next eastward to Inis Patrick and there he was recieved hospitably.
He next went to Iver of the Barks and was received by Sesenech who believed in Patrick and in God and Patrick baptized him.

Sesenech had a small son Sechnel who loved Patrick and that night would not sleep with his father and mother and stayed with Patrick.

In the morning as Patrick was to leave in his carpait the boy put his hands on Patricks foot and wanted to go with this bishop of God.
Patrick baptized the child and thence put him in the chariot.
And anounced this boy would succeed him and called him Benignus Boner.
They go ,this boy and the Bishop ,to the grave of Fiacc Meg at Magh Bregh in eap to eve.[Ferta bFer bFeiei Muig].Breg a daig.

This was the night [oiche] of the feis of the fele do Laeguire Meic O Neill [Feist of his birth]
celebrated by guire at Temraig [Temry or temri] and always kindled a fire before any one else in Ireland.

After celebrating Easter the Passover from Egypt [posssibly sept].
He cursed Inver [river mouth] Domnann and Inver De and blessed Inver Boinnev[the Boyne]as these were first there.

He next went to Inver Stainge a river, and here were 2 swine herders of Mucaid of Dichonu meic Trechen [Dichon Meic Trethim].

Dicon set his dog against Patrick but the dog was silenced and then he drew his sword against Patrick. His arm shriveled up.
But he answered civilly and he believed in Patrick and Patrick baptized him .
He was the first man of Ulaid Ultu[ Ulster]
Sabull the Barn was offered to Pat and Patrick gave him the miracle of youth.

Once when Patrick was in the Sabull and a wizard went by the church the druid flung his horse rod at the church door and that man was straightway swollowed up.
This drai of the house of Mailsechlainn.

Laeguire Meic Neill was the Ard Ri of Erinn and he kept his royal household at Temraig [Tara].

Life of St patrick continued

Pg 2

At that time Patric attempted to convert his old master MILIUC MACCU BUAIBN and took gold with him realizing that Miliuc was greedy .
But when Miliuc say him conming he was proud and was ashamed to belived in his slave and servant.
The devil got in his mind and he fired his own house and was burned to death and went to Hell.
Patrick therepon announced that from Miliuc m Buain would come neither king nor crown prince and his seed and offspring would always serve another man.

Laegaire M Niall at the time n' O Neill, was Ard Ri and ruled from Tara [Temair or Temraig]

Laegaire held at Temraigh hostages from Dichon and Patrick asked him to go to Tara to advise the Ard Ri there were was both church and kingdom in the land.

But Dichoine declined saying if he did so his hostages would be killed along with himself.
But Patrick told him they would all escape alive and Dichoine went of to Temraig [pronounced Temrey].

When he went before Laegaire Ard Ri,son of Niall Noagialaich, the king said,
'This is the man who first believed in the adzeheads befroe the men of Irealnd.'
'Take ye this man into the house with his hosages and give them salted food and do not give them drink'.
[Apparently the Irish were familiar with the need of water over food to sustain life and also the hastening of death by salt].

But at this house a maiden appeared with a pitcher of wine and a cleric came and loosed their fetters and chains and brough thier horses all bridled to the midst of the enclosure and opened the gates of Tara before them.

The cleric dressed in a linen chasuble round him that may have created a cloak of invisibility.
The 10 men of Ulaid leapt on their horses and headed for Patrick and the land of Ulster.

As Eastertide drew near Patrick elected to celebrate the festive season at magh Breg where the chief seat of the wizard druids and idolatry were in Ireland.
The definition of Tara or Teamraigh as a territory not just the hill it is today].
He went by sea to Inver Colptha the mouth of the Boine River [Abainn] and from there by land to the grave of Fiac's men.
Ferta bFer bFeic and pitched his tents there.
and it was here he struck the Pashal fire.

At this time the pagans and their king Laegaire were celebrating and the king had a geiss [prohabition] that no fire should be kindled in Tara territory before the fire of Tara Hill where the king was.

Now Patrick the holy man from the continent know nothing of the geiss and when the duine [folk] of Temra behold this burning fire that was large enough to illuminatge all mag Brega the king said,
'This is a breach of the law [Reacht] and sent them to find out who had made the fire.

The druids were upset saying as they saw the fire if it were not quenced by morning it would never bre quenched.

[It gets light in Ireland for spring and summer at 5 AM]

The king becaue angry at this distubance.
Harnessed his carpait and he was readt to forth to the Ferta do Fer Feic.
The druids told Laegaire not to go to these men but let them come to him and Patrick subseqently went to the residence of king Laegaire on Tara Hill.

The leaves [pages] of the MS ofthe book of Lismore are missing accounting the meeting and agreeemnts between the Bishop Patrick from Rome and the king of Ireland.

After that meeting Patrick went to Sid Aeda the faery mound of Aed [fire] where he blessed Conal agus Fergus a mac. [agus means and].
Patrick placed his hands on the head of the child son Fergus m Conal and predicted a child would be born of his family who would be a sage a profit and a poet who would not utter falsehood and would be loveable, clear headed and a pure lamp.
This is ColumbCille m Feilimthe[ the irish text spelling of the english Feidlimid.]

Patrick then beanchta [blessed] Conail m Nial at tir Eogain[ pronounced Owen] Tyrone

As Patrick passed into tir Eogain Tyrone, territory of the O Neill, Muiredach m Egoain m Niall 9 was in the field at the rear guard of a band of warriors. Sechnaill was in the rear guard of the band of clerics.

Sechnaill spoke to Muiredach saying,

'If thy father [aither] believes in god [dia] thou shalt have from me a guerdon [reward].

'Cia Logh?' [what guerdon] askes Muiredach.
'Kingship shall descend from thee' replies Sechnaill.
'He shall do it' replied Muiredach and they met with Patrick at Fid MOr
and Eogain believed in God and Patrick.

Patriag then went to Oiliuch na Righ = Aileach= Graine, the ring fort built centuries ago at the pass beteen Donegal and Inis Owen overlooking Loch Swilly and the North Sea entrance to Ireland.

He blessed the stonghold in 432 or so AD and left his flagstone therin.
[Theres is a central smooth flagstone in the center of the enclosure not gated anymore today].

There he blessed the Gaiscid [valor] of Eoghain and the tuath [tribe] and the tuath of Bealach Raith and Cinel Eogain till doomsday.
[Deoraid Colaithe m Brata].

gaiscid from gaisce-=boast prowess
gaiscuill= valours hero
gaiscioch= warrior or champion

FRom Ai le ach = his soldiers agreement
for the fort and the hill occupied by his soldiers agreement.

Patrick went to Dal Araide on the north sea east coast [the route] where he blessed Caelbad's 12 sons all but Sarau whom he cursed.
and there in old DalAraide he baptized bishop Olchon whose relics [bones] rested at Airtire Maig Cobait and Mac Nisse do Conaire read the psalms with Patraig.

Next Patrick the bishop went to visit Eocaid [Oced] m Muiredach[sea inheritance] king of Ulaid.

Eocaid there was punishing 2 young virgins who offered themselves to God becominng nuns.
He was ordering the 2 young women to marraige and worship of the old pagan gods.
When Patrick asked the king for a boon of these 2 women it was not granted by Muiredachs son.

The king refused to relent and Patrick cursed his right to rule and any future kings or princes from Eocaid.

But Cairill himself would be king of Ulaid and kings and princes decended from him and over all Ulster forever.

These are the seed of the Demain ind meic Cairill.

The kings wife [bean] however went for Patraigs blessing and he blessed her and the child in her womb.
DOMANGART mac Eocac do Ulaid.*

After that Pat left Dal Raide over Fertas Tuama to Uaib [hui]Tuirte to Uaib[hui] Meith Tire.

There 3 of them stold 2 goats from Patrick.
These used to carry water for the party.
They ate the goat and lied about it to wence the eaten goat bleated out from their gullets.

Mo Dia Brotha! My Gods Doom!,cried Patrick. [Or leirscrios=doom]

The goat himself declaress the place where he was eaten!

Patrick next went east to mag Brega and over to Laigen Crich[ Leinster provincial border] to Nais [Nass].
The Lis was quite far south in Laigen near Cashel and south of the Wicklow mts.
There he baptized Dunlaings 2 sons , Ailill and Illann and Ailills 2 ingen[daughters] Mugain and Fedhelm who offered their verginity to Dia God] and Patrtick blessed the veils on their heads.

This was accomplished north of the Lis Nais and east of the road N/S where was a well near Patricks encampment.

Before he had come as far south as Nais he was accosted by warriors [gaiscioch]at Fir Rois who offerd him poisoned cheeses and curd.
These poinsoned foods were turned to stone at this ford and all the wariors were drowned in the ford.

A messge was sent him from the steward [doorkeeperand butler] of Nais the Rechtuire named Faillein who pretended he was sleeping

' Mo dia Bratha! says Pat.

When the household went to wake the sleeping steward he was found dead.
He had been inhumane to Patrick camped by the road without the fort and the Gael wrote the proverb:

'Codlud Faillein n Dun Nais

[Faileins sleep in the forth of Nass}

Driciu Ri na Garrcon married the the daughter [ingen] of Laegaire Meic Neill and Dricu Ri Ulaid refused to invite Patrick to his feis of Rath Inbir.
Cilline made Patrick welcome and killed his only cow and gave a measure of meal [beile].
This cilline recieved from the king Dricruc for his services to the kings house and while the mna of the house was bewailing her small child Patrick quoted to her:

O woman Thy child!
A great boar comes from a pigling.

And from a spark comes a great flame
Thy child will be hale.

The corn is best of earths herbs
Marcan mac Cilline
Is the one who is best of GArrcon.


Patrick than founded churches in the Laigen and left a beanachta on the Leinstermen on the huib [hui] Cennselaig.

He appointed Fiachu Bishop of the Province and left him at SLeibtib {]sleety]

The Failgi god was Cinn Croich and Failgi swore he would kill Patrick wherever he was found in vengence of the pagan god.
But Patric s people held this statement from him.

Odran , charioteer one day said to Patrick.
'Let me the one day be in the chiefs seat and you do the chariotering as a long time I have been chariotering for you my master.'

Patrick agreed and they drove in the district Leix .

Failgi himself came and thrust a spear through Odran.

Shortly Failgi died and his soul went to hell.

The devil entered Failgi's body and made him as alive again.

Patrick hence after a while came once again to Failgi's Fortress in Leix.
And asked to speak with him but when the servants went to fetch their master at his house they found only bare bones. No blood or fleach.
He was then ,said Patrick, dead for his public slaying of Odran before Patricks eyes.

Failge Rois however are the children of that land today and Patrick blessed them.

Patrick went to Osraige{Ossory] to Bealuch n Gabrain where he founded churches and monasterys and guaranteed that no province would usurp them as long as they wer faithful to Patrick.

Patrick left Osraige ancient relics [bones] and some of his household at Martar Tech in Ms Mortrach in Irish copy and Martartech today.
Hence he proceeded westward to Muman [Munster] to Chaisiul[cashel] of the kings.

Aengus m Nat Fraich Ri Mumain who met Patrick and made him welcome and brought him into the house to the fort where Lecc Patrick is today.
Aengus believed in God and Patrick baptized him and a multitude of the men of Muman along with him.

From Cashel, Patrick blessed all of Ireland as far as its Crich [borders] sea to sea.

While Patrick was blessing Aengus the spike end of his crozier went through Aegus foot which the king stood.
After Pat saw the wound and asked why the king did not cry out
Oengus answered he though it was part of the rite of faith.
Patrick rewarded him saying from that time till the day of Judgement no successor of his would be slaine {marbad] but one.
[Cenngecan was marbad 897AD probably by the vikings].

Later Pat went to Muscraige Breogain where while washing his hands at the ford {Ath], a tooth fell from his head and became gold in the sun as it fell in tothe Ath water.

Hence the ath is called Ath Fiacla [ford of the tooth].

And its church cell Fiacla where the tooth was left as a relic.

He went next to the hi Figente or Ua Figinti, Tir of Luid or Lonan mac Erca Ri o Figeinti.

Some buffoons came and begged Patrick for some of the Feis but Lonan said No so Pat cursed him saying no bishop or king should come from his seed.
At that moment a youth called Nesan came with a wehter [castrated lamb] and some cheeses and Patrick gave them to the satirists.
Patrick confered the order of Deacon on Nesan and he remained at Mungarait [Mungret].

Pat than went to Findine northwest of DomnachMor where the country to the north of Luimnech[Limerick] can be seen.
He blessed Thomond from there .

This is the plain called Thuad Mumain in the Irish wherein county of Clare is now.
A plain was a luck tige land a land of food source and provisions and those living there brough tributes in food to the king of the province which in this case would be the OBriens [Ua Briain].
As this is north Munster and parts of Connacht west of the Shannon river.

Cairthen macc Blait eldest child of Toirdealbach believed and Pat baptized him at Saingel where Pat conversed with an angel after his baptism.
Cairtenn had no children and was able to seed children after and his son was called Eochu Bailderg.

From Luimnechs Findine Hill Patrick was able to see west and norhtward and blessed the Luch Tige [area of sustainance].
From Inis Cathaige 60 years later came from the green Ireland of the west in the mouth of the sea,
Senan m Garrginn meic Dubthach, father of St Brigit.

Patrick did not go to Luachair ind Iar Mumain [west Munster, Kerry] he went instead to Muscraig and their baptized the 3 sons of Connla Fuirc, Muinech, Mechan Mac Forat Meic Connla and Muinech believed and Patrick blessed him and left Muinech distinguished Laymen and clerics and for Muinechs seed all over kings of his country are inherited.

Patrick remained 7 years in Mumain and dedicated many mass' from 7 ridges.
He founded churchs and cloisters and nunneries.
At last he bade them fairewell.

He went from their to Ele.[Ely]
The men of Mumain followed him and found him at
Brisnachaib aand cried out in joy and the nBrosnach at Eli was hence called.

He blessed these all again and all theland of Mumain and returned to FirRois at Druim Mor.

But an aingel came and bid him more on to the place of Maca in the north [tuaid=north]
He thence went to aArd Padraig to the east Louth and established his home there.
Every day Mocta came from Lugh [Louth] to converse at Lecc.

The aingel bade Mocta to let Patrick stay in Maca and Pat went N W to Maca ,Raith Daire of today[ 1890].

Daire was a wealthy and venerable chief in Airgialla [Oriel]
and Pat asked for a cite for his church on Davin Saileach, the stead of Marrhagh, today Ard Macha.
There he founded his cell.

Daire would not give patrick the hill of Macha but the Ferta in the valley.
And the cell was founded by Pat in the valley where the graves are today.

Two horsesof Daire came once to graze on the green and Pat was angry and marbad [curro] these horses.

Daire told him men to kill the cleric at once.

But illness and colic came suddenly to Daire and he was near death.

They went to seek holy water [uisge] from Patrick for Daire and Patrick said if it had not been for the woman [mna] wife [bean] he would have died and the holy water was sprinked over the horses and both Daire and his horses were revived to life and health.

Daire offered Patrick a cauldron but he refused it.

The cualdron was taken to Pat a second time.

The third time Daire and his wife themselves took the cauldron and offered it with the hill to Patrick for which he had previously asked.
Patrick marked out the raith with an aingel before him and his household and his elders and the staff of Jesus in Pats hand and thus was obtained from the Daires the church cathederal of Armagh first occupied by Patrick as a small alter still buried within the more massive Anglican cathederal now present and so they still presererved the old church and the new reformation of Henry 8 within the dual worships of God Almighty as best they might.

And the Mall still occupies the rectangular village green below where Patrick first set up his cell.

Armaghs peaceful restful Mall full of cool trees and green lawns and monumnets, end to end about 1/2 mile by 14 mile wide.

After preaching much to the Irish and using the shamrock of 3 leaves to explain the holy trinity of father son and holy ghoast Patrick died at an old age.

He founded many churches and monastarys throught the land
of Erinn and healed the blind the lepers the lame and every desease.
He distroyed the old pagan idols and the knowledge of druaidism and wizardy.

When he knew his time of death was near he went to Armagh to achieve his reserection.
[In the early church death was persieved as reserection as Christ had risen and was carried in mind ,body spirit to Heaven].

Victor his aingel however came to him and told him to go back to the barn ,the Saball to die .

Victor told him the primacy of his church would remain in Armagh in dignity, piety and teaching and following the path as Patrick had promised Dichon when the Saball was given his reserection would be there at Saball in Down
[At this time the counties did not exist Ireland was shired into baronys ,counts bythe Noramns and English].

The territory was Dal Riada Mand and is east of Loch Neagh.
and north of the Morne Mts. Its border is with Dal Raita which runs threw Antrim to the north sea].

Patrick stated to the aingel,
'In slavery unto the end am I since I cannot be buried in the place I desire.'

Patrick obeyed and remaned in south east Ulaid.

When his hour of death came, bishop Tassach gave him the communion of Christs Body and he died.
It is said in the text At 137 years of his age.

[the calender of years was not clear in these days and moon time was still the major sourse of yearly calculations based on the 4 quarters days.
This amount of time probably the old pagan moon calcualtion not the sun solstice calculation based on the position of the sun in relation to the latitudes which were than not used or been drawn.
The sailors used a star and sun calculation to determine their position on the sea].

Instuctions of his aingel were that:

2 oxen unbroken to harness, of cattle of tir Conall should be brought from Findbair [Clochan] and the body be set at Crossroads and whatever way the Ocdam should take it is where the body should be buried.

He was waked by the elders of Church and Irealdn for 12 days and nights
[chinese do this] and the light shone all that time at mag Inis and created at years end the Cantred of Light.
[Possibly the Northern Lights].

A contention arose between the men of Ulster and the huib Neill over the body.
The O Neill wanted it buried at Armagh and Patrick died and was buried in the Saball given him by chief Dacon of the County of Down.

Many prayers and honors were offered up to him.

Judi Donnelly
copyright 25 October 2010

Anectdota Oxoniensia, Lives of Saints,from the book of Lismore, MedievaL AND MOdern Series,
Also called the Book of Macarthy Reag as comissioned in 1450 by the Kerry King with his wife CAtherine,
as transalted by Whitley Stokes D.C.L Oxford ,Clarion Press, 1890

* 'h's added when the MS was written at Lismore in the Irish. At Lismore Castle Waterford Duke of Devinshire 1814.
The book was written in the 15 century=1450.
This for Fingin Mccarthy Reigh.
the book of MaCCarthy reagh 197 pages by 3 scribes.
36 leaves are missing from teh bool being in private hands of teh ignorant.

The'h's introduced to old Irish seem to be from the Norse not Latin and therefore came into usuage in writing in 800-900 Ad.
Partick era was in the 3rd century, 400 AD

The MS of Lismore was owned by thw Duke of Devonshire and kept at Lismore Castle in Waterford.
It was found in a walled chamber by workmen in 1814 with a crozier in a wooden box.*
It had previously been in Timoleague Abbey from 20 June 1629 in the hands of Michale O Cleary of the 4 Masters.

Parts of the Lismore MS were found in the Royal Irish Academy and noticed by Dr Todd and O Curry.

The Book of Lismore was compiled from the last Lebair of Monaster Boice [Louth] in 1450 for Fingin Mac, Carthy Riabnach and his wife Catherine, daughter of Thomas Fitzgeradld 8th Earl of Desmond
and is often called the Book of McCarthy Reagh.

It was compiled by 3 scribes Calde Buagachain , Aongus O Callaida, the 3rd unnamed.
These men were clerics of the church and usually not to well educated.

Reading and writing were offered to Irelands nobles and princely class and these were usually the stock from which clerics and bishops were chosen.

The peasanty on the land -the men of Ireland as it were were not educated except to farm methods and folklore.
The Manuscript is missing 36 folios leaves some of them found in Josephus account of the distruction of Jerusalem.

Other folios regarding Patrick life are found in French translations such as the story 'Segla'

The royal Library of Brussels contains copies of the Lives of the Saints in Irish in handwriting of Michael Cleary of 4 Masters.

Dr Kuno Meyer and Standish O Grady have also been useful in decifering and translating McCarthys Book.

Elders of the Celtic Church who set forth the work and and miracles of Patrick were Colomb Cille, Ultan and the decendants ofAdamnan Mac Tinne and Airearan of the Wiscdom of Ciaran of Belach Duin.

Bishop Airmedad do Clochan--- Aireann ind Ecna
Colman of the Caves --- Colman Ua mach
Collait of Druim Reilged--- Cruimther or Crimthan

were folowers of the tripartrate teachings of St Patrick and upheld his establshed church ritual thoughout Ireland jd

a quire is a unit of paper 24 sheets or 8 leaves

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