Thursday, October 28, 2010

Finding Irish records and hope

Locating Irish Records

One of the great gaps in recovering Irish history , geneology or economys are the number of missing records kept by the local provincial leaders and chieftains and monastarys established from 432 AD under St Patrick and later replaced by Cathederal diocese from the continental orders.
Most of these records were kept by the Ollam [professors] and the Bardic Order.
In the era of the Ard Ri and the yearly pre Halloween Assembly at Tara Hill to transact Irelands business ,legislative, legal and judicial, which was offically shut down in 550 or so AD when Tara was cursed by the cleric Rodan.

All Souls Day is the last quarter day of the year depicting that the winter solstice will occur some 50 days later.
It is the offical Irish beginning of winter.
Time to get the cattle down from the mountain pastures, kindle the hearth fire,stock in turf supplies from the bogs, and see to it that all inthe community are safe and secure in comfortable thatched cabin with enough food, meat and milk, and butter to see the family[fine] through the period of darkness and ice.

As Ireland is 15 degrees north from the US generally, it gets dark earlier in the day 4PM and does not get lite again till late in the morning in winter.

The Tara palace was filed with stone and rubble after the church cursing and was set afire.
When it was burning it was covered with dirt and rock building a mound which is still there with a mote around it.

The Cronicles of the Kingdom of Ireland disapeared.
The Ptsalter of Cashel of the kings disapeared.
The lebair of MoinsterBoice Abby of Louth disapeared.

The old Brehon Law was codified by St Patrick and a panal of ollams judges and legal experts and consepts foreign to Christain catholizism of that era 450 AD were purged.

HOwever Scoil, school, usually training the Irish noblise to prepare for the clerical positions
[Abbyships were inherited by clann but bishoprics and priestshoods were open to those qualified].

Patrick established the old school at Armagh in 450 or 457 AD
which taught secular subjects and having several foreign students such as the trian saxon or saxon third- many geramn students came there to study as well as saxons from England.
Later St Brigit establihsed a school at Kildare a center of religion and learning.

The school of Clonad was established by St Finnian,[the famous ruler of Columb cilles copyied book,

['To every cow belongs her calf.'] in 520 AD where studied the 12 Apostles of Erinn.
3000 pupils passed through Clonard school.

A school was founded at Moville and a school at Bangor founded by St Comgall.

St Bernard of Clairvaux in France in his time of 1150 or so observed these schools and was in that century a good friend of Irish monks and abbotts and many records were brought to that Abbey in the 10 and 11 Century the peroid fo the viking raids.

Bangor was the scholastic home of Columbanus, St Gall and Dungal the Astronomer, as well as St Malachy II who helped bring the Cathederal Contintal Churchs to Erinn in the 1150s AD.

Claun Maic Nois school was founded by ST Ciaran in 544 AD and was ranked as one of the greatest centers of Learning in Europe.
The oldest Irish church Annal was written at Cluan meic Nois by Tigernach and Suibne.

He was a great master of the sea and assisted king Alfred found the University of Oxford.

St Brendan founded the school of Clonfert in 556 and was Abbot there 20 years training 3000 monks before his famous voyage.

In 635 the School of Lismore was founded and hosted students from Gaul [France] England and Germany.

Schools were also founded at
Inis fallen
Inis Caltra on loch Derg W

15 plus the above named.

All great schools and many of the lower British nobility flocked over to Ireland to attend these institutions of learning.

The Irish recieved them and took care to suppy them all with daily food without cost and to furnish them with books and teaching free of charge.

[ie not the payback of the hospitality in 1845 by the British and Anglos when the Great Famine occured and 1 million and 1/2 died of starvation, fever and workhouse conditions].

The Irish again continue to feed laid off contintal workers and emigrees by the failure of the European Union at Brussels to modify the exising legislation and leave the small helpless nations unable to return theese persons to their own countries. Out of work , non citizens who are a charge on the Irish government and not self sustaining.
Once again the large continent countries overpower the small principalities and nations of Europe.

Continental students came from the continet to study in the Irish schools from such places as England ,from Germany and Italy*

The Irish schools were both lay and ecclesiastic-the monastary schools- were intended for ecclesiastic studys normaly.

Studies of Scripture and preparation for a cleric life, theology and the clasics.

The Lay scho0ls taught language, literature ,law, and Irish Antiquities.

Although these schools had different missions they also worked together to achieve a rounded education for their students.

Most of the poet, bards, lawyers artists physicians and hisotrians had lay educations which had absorbed the old druid teaching before christainity and these Ollams and professors were the sucessors of the ancient celtic lore of pagan Ireland.

There were 7 stages of education in the Lay Schools.
The 7 degrees of wisdom which correspond withthe term periods of modern Universitys.

In the Bardic schools the course expanded to 12 years and poets must make the 7 kinds of verse and be able to compose in each, extemporaniously,and know by heart 350 legendary poems for Public resitation.
[no wonder the students downsized 6 of these]

Bardic Ollams were left wondering the roads as beggars by 1800.

In 500 at least 1/3 of the men of Irelland were members of the poetic and Bardic order.
An Ollave Brehon or Judge of the High Court
had been educated in a long study course and needed to be conversant in the rule of the Brehon code of Law which regulated almost every human relation and social order in Ireland and extended to subjects modern systems of law do not consern themselves with.

The Brehon Law Code was outlawed by James Stuart I or IV King of England and Scotland by will of Elizabeth I.

He broke the Irish system of law and order, economic control and ownership of the land with the introduction by force of the plantation system and the expultion of Irelands military personell,
leaving the country completely devoid of any control of their own social, political, defence and livelehood which the British government and crown forces are still trying to control particulary in Ulster North Ireland areas.

This colonization again an example of the great and powerful over the small and weak.

Ireland like many small nations states had not enough people or rulers to hold thier good order against an overwehelming flood of outsiders.

There were and still are not enough as them even with the production of 10 or 12 children and the country is also suffering identity nervousness by the absorbtion of Hibernic/Norse from the vickings, Norman/Irish from the Anglo invasion of 1169, English/Irish from the colonazation of 1603 and today, immigration collections from the policy of the EU to allow a nomadic work force to remain in country with out citizenship or status.

This is a poor social policy as well as economic and is causing ethnic problems in Europe as well as America with its undocumented non american workers .

The Irish Americans also suffer an identity crisis as do all the ethnic emigrant group in the new world having been assimlated and dispersed since the end of WW2.

No longer can one stroll into St Pats little church and be instantly in touch withthe ethnic Irish or St Stanisalus Orthodox and be instantly in the sphere of Poland and the east.

In North American the family is also distroyed and over powered by American culture and a loss of a sence of duty within the familys strucure of siblings, parents, nuclear care let alone to extended family gahering.
They know not one another.

In Ireland under the king feis were held for and on behalf of the ollams and allthe lawyers, teachers ,brehons, and poets and bards were invited.

The chief Ollam and poet of Ireland had the seat next the king at table and these men were privilged to wear the colors of the king.

In the school plan by use customary some studnets resided in the school dorms but a majority were housed in the community bullding a small house for themselves and a few comrades.

The poor student often lived with people in the community and were maintained and educated without charge.
A schlarship arrangment as it were.

Some were also housed in a sorority style of wealthier classmates and were allowed housing there in exchange for services and waiting on these students reciving their recompence of shelter, food and chothing.

In some cases the master, the Ollam himself bound a studnt to him and the ownership of sorts made the ollam responsible to feed and clothe him as well as housing and give him instruction without reservation as well as disapline and correction.

The student as bound in return was obligated to helping his master against poverty and provide support in his old age.

Shortly before Finnaghta the Festive came to kingship, he one day was riding in the area of Clonard School with his attendants and a small boy on the road [bothar} was overtaken and the lad stumbled and his jar of milk was broken.
Finnoagta rode on but the boy ran after his horse and got the princes attention who was amused by his troubles face .
But he questioned him in a kindly way for the cause the troubled look. The lad did not know of the high status noble he was speaking to and said,
'Indeed good man' [fir maith]
'I have great cause to be troubled living nearby are 3 noble students and 3 others wait on them of which I am one, and we 3 have in our turn to collect provisions in the neighborhood for all 6 of us.
And all that I obtained today have been lost and I not the means to pay for it.'

Finnagta consoled the young man and assured him his loss would be made good and that he himself would attend to this lads welfare in future.
When Finnagta became king he kept this promice and the young lad was Adamnan who later became Abbot of Iona and wrote the history [Acta Santa] of the great Columb cille, decendant of the Hui Domnaill[O Donnell] of Tir Conail of the north west region of Ireland now known as Donegal.

By the 8-10 century [700-900] much of teh irish knowledge had ben depositteed int monastaorys ont eh continnet due to viking raides.
teh Vikings wer not reespecors of nbooks and tended to throu manuscripts and collections in various Irish lakes wher even if teh paper velum of sheep skin wer recoverd teh ink had been washed away. [ni]

The Ambrosian library at Milan Italy held a collection of
Irish manuscripts in 1918 and also some at Turin and Naples which had been brought there from Bobbio in Lombardy territory north Italy.

Dungal the Astronomer donated collections of books to Bobbio monastary.
St Gall bequethed his collection of Irish books and manuscripts to the Monastary in 841 AD.

Schaffhaven has a manuscript in perfect preservation of Adamnans Life of St Columba which they aquired form the Irish foundation at Reichenau.

Bavaria had a collection of Irish Works
Vienna had Ratisbons MS.
The Royal Library of Brussels contains a large collection of Irish
MS from Louvain France and he list goes on.

Since 1918, when the collections of the continent were listed by JM
Flood in his publication
Ireland ,Its Saints and Scholars, the continent of Europe has experienced 2 great devestating and distructive wars when the Devil possessed their minds and it is not known if any or all these collections have survived or been brought home to Erinn for further study as they should be.

Ireland itself has experienced internal upheavels from 1916 as well as still 80 years after the Easter Rising a divided and volitile country stuggling to enter the modern technological world with limited resourses and much economic stuggle.

As the nation itself is a natural pasture and farm island ,it stuggles to get away from its agriculture past when this is its greatest opportunity as the developed industrial world, as usual, is beset by lack of good food and clean water.
All of which Ireland has in plenty.

If it desired to pursue the sheep and the cows the goats and pigs in the stone fenced pastures of the west and the eternal chickens let out in Ireland by law.
In its rivers and streams and waterfalls and lakes and its croplands of oats, beans, barley for beer and bright yellow fields of grain it well could feed not only its own people wut havea export percentage for European use.

It also regains its natural fishing rights of rivers full of salmon trout and other species unnamable.
Although the major rivers need to be cleaned up if it expects the fish to live amongst them.

The economic value of its nuts, natural to the island ,and its black berrys and other berrys that grow wild along the roadways and stone fences and in the hedgerows of the north; and apples and pears suitable to its climate pose a prospect of cultivaing these crops and orchards for export as well as domestic consumption and Ireland still hysterical over the nice little pocket size lumper potato which makes such tasty potato wedges that could easily be frozen for export and popped in the microwave.
I found this potato a perfect lunch cold or warm with a bit of salt and a sausage and of course the ever present tea.
But to get a person to microwave it OYE VEY! The famine returns.
Ireland also has production of a goodly suppy of cream and butter oportunities as well as other products developed from the milk of cows sheep and goats such as cheeses,ice creams and chocolates.
All of these now being put on export-the old nemesis of Ireland- and processed in other nations thn returned to Irleand at a higher price for its own citizens.

Ireland is tired of cattle droving and farm dirt and it must not be.
Its land and its people must be in control of the natural shaping factor of its island status.

It is hopeful it will be calm enough to host a few fall pre Christmas working dinner of the various MLAs of the north and the TDs of the south to have informal discussions on the pros and cons of unity of the island.
Not by force, but by reason and justice and the old Reacht.
And without the observation and advise of the every lurcking US and Great Britain trying to help themselves.

The good ladys of Drogeda could amply host a few such dinners at nice sites like Clones of the lace and Creggan in the foothills of the Sperrin Mts.
It would also be progressive if the Garda and the Nips would stop chasing IRA suspects about the countyside and instead invite this malitia reminant of the once Army, both north and south to form an IRA brigade under the command of the National Defence forces with their own colors, history, parade and giving them a chance to participate in the defence of the nation.

The collections monastarys having MS in 800-900 AD are listend below and some or most of them may have been trasfered to Rome and the Vatican in the middle ages and some at Trinity College Library in Dublin which is not being explored by the Archeologists and Manuscript departments in place 'just down the road'.

There are also collections in the US, mostly of books compied from these old manusripts at various American universitys ,secular and church both..

Ambrosia Library, Milan
Vienna Marianus Scotus
Treves 2 MS
Cambrian Codex AD 684 Council St Autbert at Cambrai
Life of Brigit Longford
Leyden Dubtach 838AD
University Utrecht
Royal Library Brussel brought from collecton of Louvain

Judi Donnelly
copyright 24 October 2010

Sourse: Ireland Its Saints and Scholars
JM Flood, Kennikat Press, Port Washington /London, 1918/ 1970

The Life of St patrick

Life of St Patrick

The most famous St Patrick was said by the learned that his family had migrated to Britain from the east when Titus and Vespasian scattered the Jewish tribes throughout the world.
It was said that was the time that Patricks ancestors came to Britain.

Patrick was of the Ail Cluade Britons who were living at the Rock of Clyde, Dumbarton.

His grandfather was called Potius and he was a deacon and his father was of the Britons of Ailcluade one of which married a friendly lady called Concess, ingen of Ochimas of France ,and she a sister of Martin of Tours.
[Ailcluade is the rock of Clyde, Dunbarton]

Patrick was born in Nemptor on a flagstone[ flagstones by rivers were common birth places in that era].
When Patrick was to be born king of Britain came to visit his mother and she washed the kings feet and entertained him but his wife was jeleous of Concess and gave her a drink of poison.
Patrick however made the poison drink into a stone and when he was born he was baptized by Sornias a blind youth who made the sign of the cross over the ground with the infants hand and a well spring up.

Through the holy water Sornias was able to see again and on that space over the well a church was built as 3 miracles had come about,
the well spring
the healing of a blind cleric
the ability of the cleric to read.

Patrick was taken in fosterage by his aunt, sister of Concess and he was raised at Nemptor.
There was a flood at Patrick aunts house when he was small and that came through the rooms and was so high and flooded the furnishing and this killed and put out the hearth fire.

Patrick however continued to ask for his food, as a child would.
His nurse said to him,
'That is not the troubles that is on us now'.

Patrick went to a dry place in the house and put water in his hands.
As it trickled down to the floor it became fire and the new fire blazed up again.

In that day the floors were usaully sod packed or in a wealthy cottage covered with a flagstone so fire would not set the floor on fire.

This flood occurred in the Nemptor

Patrick was also charged was a child to do chores .
One of these being to bring in firewood faggots.
At one time be brought instead icecycles and his foster mother said it would have been better to have brought twigs and withered woood to warm with.
However Patrick flung his icecycles in the fire and they flamed up with the woood.

This author has seen that done in the cold states of the north before oil came in as a major heating supply.
In those days everone kept a cut woodpile outdoors and its stock were usuall covered with an ice cover in the early NOv.,Dec. winter months when rain then freezing was and still is common.
The men frequently put these iced wood pieces directly in the fire and they sizzeled and cracked and popped which we were facinated with. Magic!
And the good men of the house smiled and encouraged us to enjoy this wizardry.
Perhaps they were , chara do Patrick.

The child was also required to herd sheep which Pat did with his sister Lupait.
The lambs ran to their dams as it is their custom to drink warm milk and when Pat and Lupait had to prevent this usurping of the family milk cheese and butter supply , Lupait fell on her head struck a stone that she might die.
Patrick made the sign of the cross over her and the wound healed and she was well at once.
At one time a wolf came and took a sheep while Pat was watching them and took of a sheep to which his aunt was very angry with him.
But next day the wolf brought back the sheep and the food was restored to them from the teeth of a wolf.
A miricle indeed.

A cow went mad in the Byre ,a place for milking the cows, and the crazy cow put her horns through the other cows and killed the 6 cows, all of them best milkers.
Than she escaped to the wood and the Devil had entered her.

The Sucat came and restored life to the 6 dead cows and gave a blessing [beanachta] to the mad cow who thus became as gentle as a lamb.

Patricks father, mother and aunt ,sister of ms south, was beholden to the king of Ail Cuaide.
They were required to come to the kings bidding to clean his hearth and to pay him a tribute of curd and butter.
This request for tribute was made in winter time and not available.
However Patrick made curd of the snow and some butter and gave his offering to the king.
In future Patricks tribute was always snow- the Sneacta.

When Patrick grew to a youth the king of Britain had 4 sons who were in exile.
The sons had raided Amorica in France and made havoc there.
Some of Patricks kin where over there on a journey were killed by these raids.
Calpernuis m Potitus, Pats father was slain [marbad] along with his mother Concess.
Patrick and his sisters Lupait and Tigres were seized.

The 4 sons then went around Ireland where they sold Patrick to Miliuc Macc Buain the King of Dal Raidia.

They sold the 2 sisters elsewhere and they did not know where each other were.
Patricks services were to the king
Miliuc and his 3 brothers.
Each of the chiefs he was in service to felt he belonged to them and they each demanded service of him with 1 meal per watch.
Sucat is Patrick baptized name.
Cothraige as a servant
Mag Onius from Germanicus
Patricius, father of the citizens , so called by Pope Celestius.

When Miliuc found him to be a faithful servant he bought out the interst of tht 3 brothers and he served Miliuc after.
He entrused the servant Clothraige to head his swind [muc] in the wilderness at Slemish [Slebi Mis]

In those days on an island such as Ireland is, ragardless of British law, pigs were let to root in the many forests of oak and other mast nuts.
They therefore lead a clean and wholesome life and were not kept in sloth or pig pens breeding desease a they are today.

The problem with this self support system , a major food suppy, was the pigs did not always come home.
Thus a search needed to be made through out the island kingdoms to find them and recover them if they wandered over into the territory of an ajoining chieftain or provinical king.
The swine herders were employed for small remunertion, by bought slaves from capture and sale as Patrick, or by tribute paid and contracts made between either the kings reigning and their subchiefs.

Thus a herder taking care of himself and living in the wild with the pigs, keept track of his master property and where possible herded away from another chieftain land where they could be comfincated like mana from Heaven.
The many stone fence pastures of west Ireland covering west of Shannon Ireland maybe indication of an early attempt to keep the pigs and sheep in line within these stone fences distroying profit to others who might confiscate the animals wondering around.
Whereas east of Shannon and in the north profit territories were designed by a physical bounder such as mountains like Ben Burb and the Curlews,streams, rivers and pillar stones.
Frequently also used as burial sites for the noble rulers.

However Patrick had and developed to faith on the job and frequently conversed with an angle called Victor in the English but unamed in the Irish text.
This all taking place at Naraila Aid chi Caigthi, a territory designated as his station.

Miliucs children came to Patrick daily with his food ration and he gave the children instuction in christain piety as was told to him by the angel.
At that time Miliuc had a dream in which Patricks mouth was full of fire and when he Miliuc put that fire out of Pats mouth it burned his children to ashes and they were scattered throughout Ireland.

It was customary for the pagan Irish to free the thralls [bonds] every 7 years.
Miliuc did not want to release Pat and so he brought the sister Lupait and gave her to Pat.
They were married but Pat questioned her and the 2 spent the night praying.
He did not know this was his sister but Miliuc had with intent of keeping Patrick in his household got the girl for him to marry and thus settle down in Ireland.

In the morning because of the sun in Lupaits face, he asked of this and she told him he was her brother.
Had herded sheep with him and from each other this was Sucat the brother.
They thanked God and went together into the wilderness.

While he was there a vessel was made ready to take him to Rome.
Patrick refused to leave Miliuc with out his consent and went to the Chief.
Miliuc refused to let him go without the payment of a gold talent which of course Patrick did not have.
He was told by his angel that a boar digging and rutting in the dirt will dig you a mass of gold.
When Sucat had this he was allowed his freedom.
Miliuc did not want Pat to leave and sent his men to bring him back but they did not overtake Patrick.

Patrick went to the hui Neill to Sen Chianan[ Cianan] but this chief sold Pat for a a cauldron of brass.
The chief set this cauldron of brass on a wall of his house and could not release his hands.
His wife came and her hands were stuck fast .
Than the help of his household came and all were stuck fast to the cauldron which was stuck fast to the wall.
Patrick was called to help them and he did so releasing them when they repented.

Patrick than boarded a forieng ship and a great storm came upon them.
When they came to land they were hungry and Pat provided fresh meat from pigs for them and drink.
He than went after the ships crossing to Nemptor.

He then crossed the Ictian Sea[ the channel] to south east Italy where was Germanus the sage and bishop of Europe,where he studied the cannons.
Then he went to Tours in Franc.and St Martin who tonsured him.
He was 30 years of age.

He stayed these 30 years
Than 40 years in Ireland.
This would make him approximatly 100 years old when he died in Ireland.
By these figures Patrick arrived in Irleand in 432 and was thus born in 372 AD at Nemptor At Clyde Dunbarton.

Germanius then sent Patrick to Rome where he was ordained a bishop and Egidius as his witness.
Patrick was encouraged to go and preach to the Gael but he was not sure of the mission as he know of the hard heartedness of the Gael.
Patrick recieved his bishoprick from Celestinus the 45th Pope, and Patrick was sent to Ireland to replace Pelagius who went home to Britain whre he died.
The Gael wound not accept his preaching and it was Celestinus who gave Sucait/Clothraige the name Patrick.

3 quires were issued to his household ,the ruins and the children of the Wood of Fochlad.

As Patrick sailed to Ireland he saw before him on the shore asking for a place in the boat, a leper.
Instead Patrick threw him his flagstone.

He arived at a harbor and out to Iver De do Cualann.
The fishermen there did not welcome him and when Sinell m Findchad believed in him and a beanachta [blessing] was given on this man and his children.
He went next eastward to Inis Patrick and there he was recieved hospitably.
He next went to Iver of the Barks and was received by Sesenech who believed in Patrick and in God and Patrick baptized him.

Sesenech had a small son Sechnel who loved Patrick and that night would not sleep with his father and mother and stayed with Patrick.

In the morning as Patrick was to leave in his carpait the boy put his hands on Patricks foot and wanted to go with this bishop of God.
Patrick baptized the child and thence put him in the chariot.
And anounced this boy would succeed him and called him Benignus Boner.
They go ,this boy and the Bishop ,to the grave of Fiacc Meg at Magh Bregh in eap to eve.[Ferta bFer bFeiei Muig].Breg a daig.

This was the night [oiche] of the feis of the fele do Laeguire Meic O Neill [Feist of his birth]
celebrated by guire at Temraig [Temry or temri] and always kindled a fire before any one else in Ireland.

After celebrating Easter the Passover from Egypt [posssibly sept].
He cursed Inver [river mouth] Domnann and Inver De and blessed Inver Boinnev[the Boyne]as these were first there.

He next went to Inver Stainge a river, and here were 2 swine herders of Mucaid of Dichonu meic Trechen [Dichon Meic Trethim].

Dicon set his dog against Patrick but the dog was silenced and then he drew his sword against Patrick. His arm shriveled up.
But he answered civilly and he believed in Patrick and Patrick baptized him .
He was the first man of Ulaid Ultu[ Ulster]
Sabull the Barn was offered to Pat and Patrick gave him the miracle of youth.

Once when Patrick was in the Sabull and a wizard went by the church the druid flung his horse rod at the church door and that man was straightway swollowed up.
This drai of the house of Mailsechlainn.

Laeguire Meic Neill was the Ard Ri of Erinn and he kept his royal household at Temraig [Tara].

Life of St patrick continued

Pg 2

At that time Patric attempted to convert his old master MILIUC MACCU BUAIBN and took gold with him realizing that Miliuc was greedy .
But when Miliuc say him conming he was proud and was ashamed to belived in his slave and servant.
The devil got in his mind and he fired his own house and was burned to death and went to Hell.
Patrick therepon announced that from Miliuc m Buain would come neither king nor crown prince and his seed and offspring would always serve another man.

Laegaire M Niall at the time n' O Neill, was Ard Ri and ruled from Tara [Temair or Temraig]

Laegaire held at Temraigh hostages from Dichon and Patrick asked him to go to Tara to advise the Ard Ri there were was both church and kingdom in the land.

But Dichoine declined saying if he did so his hostages would be killed along with himself.
But Patrick told him they would all escape alive and Dichoine went of to Temraig [pronounced Temrey].

When he went before Laegaire Ard Ri,son of Niall Noagialaich, the king said,
'This is the man who first believed in the adzeheads befroe the men of Irealnd.'
'Take ye this man into the house with his hosages and give them salted food and do not give them drink'.
[Apparently the Irish were familiar with the need of water over food to sustain life and also the hastening of death by salt].

But at this house a maiden appeared with a pitcher of wine and a cleric came and loosed their fetters and chains and brough thier horses all bridled to the midst of the enclosure and opened the gates of Tara before them.

The cleric dressed in a linen chasuble round him that may have created a cloak of invisibility.
The 10 men of Ulaid leapt on their horses and headed for Patrick and the land of Ulster.

As Eastertide drew near Patrick elected to celebrate the festive season at magh Breg where the chief seat of the wizard druids and idolatry were in Ireland.
The definition of Tara or Teamraigh as a territory not just the hill it is today].
He went by sea to Inver Colptha the mouth of the Boine River [Abainn] and from there by land to the grave of Fiac's men.
Ferta bFer bFeic and pitched his tents there.
and it was here he struck the Pashal fire.

At this time the pagans and their king Laegaire were celebrating and the king had a geiss [prohabition] that no fire should be kindled in Tara territory before the fire of Tara Hill where the king was.

Now Patrick the holy man from the continent know nothing of the geiss and when the duine [folk] of Temra behold this burning fire that was large enough to illuminatge all mag Brega the king said,
'This is a breach of the law [Reacht] and sent them to find out who had made the fire.

The druids were upset saying as they saw the fire if it were not quenced by morning it would never bre quenched.

[It gets light in Ireland for spring and summer at 5 AM]

The king becaue angry at this distubance.
Harnessed his carpait and he was readt to forth to the Ferta do Fer Feic.
The druids told Laegaire not to go to these men but let them come to him and Patrick subseqently went to the residence of king Laegaire on Tara Hill.

The leaves [pages] of the MS ofthe book of Lismore are missing accounting the meeting and agreeemnts between the Bishop Patrick from Rome and the king of Ireland.

After that meeting Patrick went to Sid Aeda the faery mound of Aed [fire] where he blessed Conal agus Fergus a mac. [agus means and].
Patrick placed his hands on the head of the child son Fergus m Conal and predicted a child would be born of his family who would be a sage a profit and a poet who would not utter falsehood and would be loveable, clear headed and a pure lamp.
This is ColumbCille m Feilimthe[ the irish text spelling of the english Feidlimid.]

Patrick then beanchta [blessed] Conail m Nial at tir Eogain[ pronounced Owen] Tyrone

As Patrick passed into tir Eogain Tyrone, territory of the O Neill, Muiredach m Egoain m Niall 9 was in the field at the rear guard of a band of warriors. Sechnaill was in the rear guard of the band of clerics.

Sechnaill spoke to Muiredach saying,

'If thy father [aither] believes in god [dia] thou shalt have from me a guerdon [reward].

'Cia Logh?' [what guerdon] askes Muiredach.
'Kingship shall descend from thee' replies Sechnaill.
'He shall do it' replied Muiredach and they met with Patrick at Fid MOr
and Eogain believed in God and Patrick.

Patriag then went to Oiliuch na Righ = Aileach= Graine, the ring fort built centuries ago at the pass beteen Donegal and Inis Owen overlooking Loch Swilly and the North Sea entrance to Ireland.

He blessed the stonghold in 432 or so AD and left his flagstone therin.
[Theres is a central smooth flagstone in the center of the enclosure not gated anymore today].

There he blessed the Gaiscid [valor] of Eoghain and the tuath [tribe] and the tuath of Bealach Raith and Cinel Eogain till doomsday.
[Deoraid Colaithe m Brata].

gaiscid from gaisce-=boast prowess
gaiscuill= valours hero
gaiscioch= warrior or champion

FRom Ai le ach = his soldiers agreement
for the fort and the hill occupied by his soldiers agreement.

Patrick went to Dal Araide on the north sea east coast [the route] where he blessed Caelbad's 12 sons all but Sarau whom he cursed.
and there in old DalAraide he baptized bishop Olchon whose relics [bones] rested at Airtire Maig Cobait and Mac Nisse do Conaire read the psalms with Patraig.

Next Patrick the bishop went to visit Eocaid [Oced] m Muiredach[sea inheritance] king of Ulaid.

Eocaid there was punishing 2 young virgins who offered themselves to God becominng nuns.
He was ordering the 2 young women to marraige and worship of the old pagan gods.
When Patrick asked the king for a boon of these 2 women it was not granted by Muiredachs son.

The king refused to relent and Patrick cursed his right to rule and any future kings or princes from Eocaid.

But Cairill himself would be king of Ulaid and kings and princes decended from him and over all Ulster forever.

These are the seed of the Demain ind meic Cairill.

The kings wife [bean] however went for Patraigs blessing and he blessed her and the child in her womb.
DOMANGART mac Eocac do Ulaid.*

After that Pat left Dal Raide over Fertas Tuama to Uaib [hui]Tuirte to Uaib[hui] Meith Tire.

There 3 of them stold 2 goats from Patrick.
These used to carry water for the party.
They ate the goat and lied about it to wence the eaten goat bleated out from their gullets.

Mo Dia Brotha! My Gods Doom!,cried Patrick. [Or leirscrios=doom]

The goat himself declaress the place where he was eaten!

Patrick next went east to mag Brega and over to Laigen Crich[ Leinster provincial border] to Nais [Nass].
The Lis was quite far south in Laigen near Cashel and south of the Wicklow mts.
There he baptized Dunlaings 2 sons , Ailill and Illann and Ailills 2 ingen[daughters] Mugain and Fedhelm who offered their verginity to Dia God] and Patrtick blessed the veils on their heads.

This was accomplished north of the Lis Nais and east of the road N/S where was a well near Patricks encampment.

Before he had come as far south as Nais he was accosted by warriors [gaiscioch]at Fir Rois who offerd him poisoned cheeses and curd.
These poinsoned foods were turned to stone at this ford and all the wariors were drowned in the ford.

A messge was sent him from the steward [doorkeeperand butler] of Nais the Rechtuire named Faillein who pretended he was sleeping

' Mo dia Bratha! says Pat.

When the household went to wake the sleeping steward he was found dead.
He had been inhumane to Patrick camped by the road without the fort and the Gael wrote the proverb:

'Codlud Faillein n Dun Nais

[Faileins sleep in the forth of Nass}

Driciu Ri na Garrcon married the the daughter [ingen] of Laegaire Meic Neill and Dricu Ri Ulaid refused to invite Patrick to his feis of Rath Inbir.
Cilline made Patrick welcome and killed his only cow and gave a measure of meal [beile].
This cilline recieved from the king Dricruc for his services to the kings house and while the mna of the house was bewailing her small child Patrick quoted to her:

O woman Thy child!
A great boar comes from a pigling.

And from a spark comes a great flame
Thy child will be hale.

The corn is best of earths herbs
Marcan mac Cilline
Is the one who is best of GArrcon.


Patrick than founded churches in the Laigen and left a beanachta on the Leinstermen on the huib [hui] Cennselaig.

He appointed Fiachu Bishop of the Province and left him at SLeibtib {]sleety]

The Failgi god was Cinn Croich and Failgi swore he would kill Patrick wherever he was found in vengence of the pagan god.
But Patric s people held this statement from him.

Odran , charioteer one day said to Patrick.
'Let me the one day be in the chiefs seat and you do the chariotering as a long time I have been chariotering for you my master.'

Patrick agreed and they drove in the district Leix .

Failgi himself came and thrust a spear through Odran.

Shortly Failgi died and his soul went to hell.

The devil entered Failgi's body and made him as alive again.

Patrick hence after a while came once again to Failgi's Fortress in Leix.
And asked to speak with him but when the servants went to fetch their master at his house they found only bare bones. No blood or fleach.
He was then ,said Patrick, dead for his public slaying of Odran before Patricks eyes.

Failge Rois however are the children of that land today and Patrick blessed them.

Patrick went to Osraige{Ossory] to Bealuch n Gabrain where he founded churches and monasterys and guaranteed that no province would usurp them as long as they wer faithful to Patrick.

Patrick left Osraige ancient relics [bones] and some of his household at Martar Tech in Ms Mortrach in Irish copy and Martartech today.
Hence he proceeded westward to Muman [Munster] to Chaisiul[cashel] of the kings.

Aengus m Nat Fraich Ri Mumain who met Patrick and made him welcome and brought him into the house to the fort where Lecc Patrick is today.
Aengus believed in God and Patrick baptized him and a multitude of the men of Muman along with him.

From Cashel, Patrick blessed all of Ireland as far as its Crich [borders] sea to sea.

While Patrick was blessing Aengus the spike end of his crozier went through Aegus foot which the king stood.
After Pat saw the wound and asked why the king did not cry out
Oengus answered he though it was part of the rite of faith.
Patrick rewarded him saying from that time till the day of Judgement no successor of his would be slaine {marbad] but one.
[Cenngecan was marbad 897AD probably by the vikings].

Later Pat went to Muscraige Breogain where while washing his hands at the ford {Ath], a tooth fell from his head and became gold in the sun as it fell in tothe Ath water.

Hence the ath is called Ath Fiacla [ford of the tooth].

And its church cell Fiacla where the tooth was left as a relic.

He went next to the hi Figente or Ua Figinti, Tir of Luid or Lonan mac Erca Ri o Figeinti.

Some buffoons came and begged Patrick for some of the Feis but Lonan said No so Pat cursed him saying no bishop or king should come from his seed.
At that moment a youth called Nesan came with a wehter [castrated lamb] and some cheeses and Patrick gave them to the satirists.
Patrick confered the order of Deacon on Nesan and he remained at Mungarait [Mungret].

Pat than went to Findine northwest of DomnachMor where the country to the north of Luimnech[Limerick] can be seen.
He blessed Thomond from there .

This is the plain called Thuad Mumain in the Irish wherein county of Clare is now.
A plain was a luck tige land a land of food source and provisions and those living there brough tributes in food to the king of the province which in this case would be the OBriens [Ua Briain].
As this is north Munster and parts of Connacht west of the Shannon river.

Cairthen macc Blait eldest child of Toirdealbach believed and Pat baptized him at Saingel where Pat conversed with an angel after his baptism.
Cairtenn had no children and was able to seed children after and his son was called Eochu Bailderg.

From Luimnechs Findine Hill Patrick was able to see west and norhtward and blessed the Luch Tige [area of sustainance].
From Inis Cathaige 60 years later came from the green Ireland of the west in the mouth of the sea,
Senan m Garrginn meic Dubthach, father of St Brigit.

Patrick did not go to Luachair ind Iar Mumain [west Munster, Kerry] he went instead to Muscraig and their baptized the 3 sons of Connla Fuirc, Muinech, Mechan Mac Forat Meic Connla and Muinech believed and Patrick blessed him and left Muinech distinguished Laymen and clerics and for Muinechs seed all over kings of his country are inherited.

Patrick remained 7 years in Mumain and dedicated many mass' from 7 ridges.
He founded churchs and cloisters and nunneries.
At last he bade them fairewell.

He went from their to Ele.[Ely]
The men of Mumain followed him and found him at
Brisnachaib aand cried out in joy and the nBrosnach at Eli was hence called.

He blessed these all again and all theland of Mumain and returned to FirRois at Druim Mor.

But an aingel came and bid him more on to the place of Maca in the north [tuaid=north]
He thence went to aArd Padraig to the east Louth and established his home there.
Every day Mocta came from Lugh [Louth] to converse at Lecc.

The aingel bade Mocta to let Patrick stay in Maca and Pat went N W to Maca ,Raith Daire of today[ 1890].

Daire was a wealthy and venerable chief in Airgialla [Oriel]
and Pat asked for a cite for his church on Davin Saileach, the stead of Marrhagh, today Ard Macha.
There he founded his cell.

Daire would not give patrick the hill of Macha but the Ferta in the valley.
And the cell was founded by Pat in the valley where the graves are today.

Two horsesof Daire came once to graze on the green and Pat was angry and marbad [curro] these horses.

Daire told him men to kill the cleric at once.

But illness and colic came suddenly to Daire and he was near death.

They went to seek holy water [uisge] from Patrick for Daire and Patrick said if it had not been for the woman [mna] wife [bean] he would have died and the holy water was sprinked over the horses and both Daire and his horses were revived to life and health.

Daire offered Patrick a cauldron but he refused it.

The cualdron was taken to Pat a second time.

The third time Daire and his wife themselves took the cauldron and offered it with the hill to Patrick for which he had previously asked.
Patrick marked out the raith with an aingel before him and his household and his elders and the staff of Jesus in Pats hand and thus was obtained from the Daires the church cathederal of Armagh first occupied by Patrick as a small alter still buried within the more massive Anglican cathederal now present and so they still presererved the old church and the new reformation of Henry 8 within the dual worships of God Almighty as best they might.

And the Mall still occupies the rectangular village green below where Patrick first set up his cell.

Armaghs peaceful restful Mall full of cool trees and green lawns and monumnets, end to end about 1/2 mile by 14 mile wide.

After preaching much to the Irish and using the shamrock of 3 leaves to explain the holy trinity of father son and holy ghoast Patrick died at an old age.

He founded many churches and monastarys throught the land
of Erinn and healed the blind the lepers the lame and every desease.
He distroyed the old pagan idols and the knowledge of druaidism and wizardy.

When he knew his time of death was near he went to Armagh to achieve his reserection.
[In the early church death was persieved as reserection as Christ had risen and was carried in mind ,body spirit to Heaven].

Victor his aingel however came to him and told him to go back to the barn ,the Saball to die .

Victor told him the primacy of his church would remain in Armagh in dignity, piety and teaching and following the path as Patrick had promised Dichon when the Saball was given his reserection would be there at Saball in Down
[At this time the counties did not exist Ireland was shired into baronys ,counts bythe Noramns and English].

The territory was Dal Riada Mand and is east of Loch Neagh.
and north of the Morne Mts. Its border is with Dal Raita which runs threw Antrim to the north sea].

Patrick stated to the aingel,
'In slavery unto the end am I since I cannot be buried in the place I desire.'

Patrick obeyed and remaned in south east Ulaid.

When his hour of death came, bishop Tassach gave him the communion of Christs Body and he died.
It is said in the text At 137 years of his age.

[the calender of years was not clear in these days and moon time was still the major sourse of yearly calculations based on the 4 quarters days.
This amount of time probably the old pagan moon calcualtion not the sun solstice calculation based on the position of the sun in relation to the latitudes which were than not used or been drawn.
The sailors used a star and sun calculation to determine their position on the sea].

Instuctions of his aingel were that:

2 oxen unbroken to harness, of cattle of tir Conall should be brought from Findbair [Clochan] and the body be set at Crossroads and whatever way the Ocdam should take it is where the body should be buried.

He was waked by the elders of Church and Irealdn for 12 days and nights
[chinese do this] and the light shone all that time at mag Inis and created at years end the Cantred of Light.
[Possibly the Northern Lights].

A contention arose between the men of Ulster and the huib Neill over the body.
The O Neill wanted it buried at Armagh and Patrick died and was buried in the Saball given him by chief Dacon of the County of Down.

Many prayers and honors were offered up to him.

Judi Donnelly
copyright 25 October 2010

Anectdota Oxoniensia, Lives of Saints,from the book of Lismore, MedievaL AND MOdern Series,
Also called the Book of Macarthy Reag as comissioned in 1450 by the Kerry King with his wife CAtherine,
as transalted by Whitley Stokes D.C.L Oxford ,Clarion Press, 1890

* 'h's added when the MS was written at Lismore in the Irish. At Lismore Castle Waterford Duke of Devinshire 1814.
The book was written in the 15 century=1450.
This for Fingin Mccarthy Reigh.
the book of MaCCarthy reagh 197 pages by 3 scribes.
36 leaves are missing from teh bool being in private hands of teh ignorant.

The'h's introduced to old Irish seem to be from the Norse not Latin and therefore came into usuage in writing in 800-900 Ad.
Partick era was in the 3rd century, 400 AD

The MS of Lismore was owned by thw Duke of Devonshire and kept at Lismore Castle in Waterford.
It was found in a walled chamber by workmen in 1814 with a crozier in a wooden box.*
It had previously been in Timoleague Abbey from 20 June 1629 in the hands of Michale O Cleary of the 4 Masters.

Parts of the Lismore MS were found in the Royal Irish Academy and noticed by Dr Todd and O Curry.

The Book of Lismore was compiled from the last Lebair of Monaster Boice [Louth] in 1450 for Fingin Mac, Carthy Riabnach and his wife Catherine, daughter of Thomas Fitzgeradld 8th Earl of Desmond
and is often called the Book of McCarthy Reagh.

It was compiled by 3 scribes Calde Buagachain , Aongus O Callaida, the 3rd unnamed.
These men were clerics of the church and usually not to well educated.

Reading and writing were offered to Irelands nobles and princely class and these were usually the stock from which clerics and bishops were chosen.

The peasanty on the land -the men of Ireland as it were were not educated except to farm methods and folklore.
The Manuscript is missing 36 folios leaves some of them found in Josephus account of the distruction of Jerusalem.

Other folios regarding Patrick life are found in French translations such as the story 'Segla'

The royal Library of Brussels contains copies of the Lives of the Saints in Irish in handwriting of Michael Cleary of 4 Masters.

Dr Kuno Meyer and Standish O Grady have also been useful in decifering and translating McCarthys Book.

Elders of the Celtic Church who set forth the work and and miracles of Patrick were Colomb Cille, Ultan and the decendants ofAdamnan Mac Tinne and Airearan of the Wiscdom of Ciaran of Belach Duin.

Bishop Airmedad do Clochan--- Aireann ind Ecna
Colman of the Caves --- Colman Ua mach
Collait of Druim Reilged--- Cruimther or Crimthan

were folowers of the tripartrate teachings of St Patrick and upheld his establshed church ritual thoughout Ireland jd

a quire is a unit of paper 24 sheets or 8 leaves

Thursday, October 7, 2010









Friday, October 1, 2010



































































450-538 AD

Dubthach m Demre m Bresal a chief of Laigin of the sept of Echaid Find Fuathnairt purchased from Bregia a bondswoman of Dall Bronach of the Dal Concobair in the south of Bregia.
This womans name was Broicsech and he married her and she was with child by him.
This marriage was under the common law and hence she had no legal status but was considered a concubine.
The wife of Dubthach and his legal consort was jealous and advised him to sell this Broicsech least she leave him and take away her dowry.

He took himself to a wizard [druid] called Mailgen and told this dru his tale that his wife was compelling him to sell this woman and the wizard prophisized that his wifes childen would serve this bondswomans child who would be a daughter who would shine like the sun among the stars.
Dubthach was happy that a daughter would be born as thus far he had none.

A poet came to the Dubtach home where the wife was sad and unhappy over this pregnant psudo wife.
He was of the hui Meic Uais.

When he found out about the wifes anger he told Dubthach,
'Sell the handmaiden'.

The chief [taoise] agreed to sell her but to keep the offsping which he did.

Thus the poet took with him the handmaiden to his own place.

When he arrived there a fellow wizard from tir Connell came to the poet of meic Uais[a colla] and brought the services of the bondsmaiden Broicsech.
The tir Connell wizard took her to Tire Connell with him.

However the child in the womb was not sold with the mother.

At this time the Druid gave a feis at Tir Connell and invited the King whose wife was also pregnant.
A prediction was made that the child born on the next day at sunrise would out do all the children of Ireland.

The Queen of Tir Connell however brought forth a dead boy before sunrise but at sunrise as the handmaiden went with a bucket of milk with one foot in the house and the other outside ,she brought forth the child Brigit on the doorstep.

The child was washed with the milk and she was taken to the Queen and laid by the dead royal child who immediatly revived to life.

The Connaill wizard took the handmaid Broicsech and her new child Brigid into Connacht for Broisechs mother was of Connact.But her father was from Munster and they remained there.

The wizard of tir Connail said things regarding Brigit that were not pleasant to those dwelling there and he was ordered out of Connacht to his own patrimoney.

Brigit was a fussy eater and could not eat ordinary wizard food and she threw it up.
She drank the milk of a red eared white cow and thus she was raised till she was a young handmaiden.

She tended sheep. She fed the birds. She fed the poor.

And when she was grown she went to visit her father.
Dubthach came to meet her and was joyous and the wizard who had raised her at Connacht gave the girl to him with no fee or charge.

Dubthach took his daughter and Broicsech to his country at Offaly.
As they went, Brigids nurse was ill and they went to get her ale from a man called Baethchu.
He refused the ale but Brigit got water from a well and to the ill nurse made it taste like ale and she became well again.
The ale at the feis she had been refused became bitter and not drinkable.

Brigit was left to tend the swine and two robbers came and took away 2 of the boars[ male pigs].
As they went along Dubthach met them and took back his pigs.

Some noble guests came to Dubtachs house and Brigit was given 5 pieces of bacon to boil.
However a hungry old hound came and in pity Brigit gave him a piece of bacon.
The dog was still hungry and she gave him a second piece.

When Dubthach came to see if the bacon was ready it was all there.
the visitors did not eat it and it was given to the poor.

At that time a synod was held at moy Liffy in Leinster, presided over by Bishop Ibhair.
When Brigit appeared at the assembly the bishop said she was the virgin he had liked for her charity to the poor and she was hence called ,
Mary of the Gail.

Broicsech the bondswoman of the wizard still was taken ill and Brigit returned to her mother in Connacht to make the dairy right.

This mountain dairy tended by her mother the bondswoman had 12 cows which had to be milked daily and the cream churned into butter.

Brigit created the churning into 12 portions for the Lords 12 apostles and left a 13th portion which butter was given to the poor and kept for guests.

Brigit said every guest held the person of Chirst and that true in the reading of Mathew which dictated,
'as you do to the least of these ye do also to me.'

Because of the reserve of a 13th portion for the poor the wizard came with his consort to fill their great hamper with butter.

That day Brigid had only a churning and a half in her kitchen.
She prayed in her kitchen that:

The prince [flaith] should provide her kitchen with abundance and she took out her small churning to the wizard.
They mocked this samll portion and Brigit said,
"Fill you hamper' that God would put somewhat there.'
She kept going to her kithcn and bringing a small portion singing as she went until the wizards hamper was filled.

They marveled at this miracle and the wizard[druid] said he offered both the butter and the kine she had milked to her.
Brigit however said they should take the kine and in return give her mother Broicsech her freedom.

The wizard drui, mac Midrui ,then freed the bondswoman and gave the kine as well.
He was living than with his consort mna at maig Fenamna in Arad.

Brigit gave the cows to the poor and the druid was baptized in the faith and went with Brigit for the rest of his life.

Brigid than returned to her father Dubthach himself with her mother.
And he a wealthy man in food and property, she gave whatever she could lay hands on to the poor and needy.

Dubthach of course was displeased with this distribution of his goods and property and he wanted to sell her and he took her in his chariot to Dunlaing [Dowling] m Enna the king of Leinster to grind corn in the kings quern.
When Dubtach entered the fortress of Dunlaing he left his sword in the chariot wih Brigit.

While he was gone a leper came by on the road and requested a bestowal from Brigit who gave him her fathers sword.

When Dubthach asked Dunlaing to buy his daughter Brigit the king asked
why he was selling his own daugher and Dubthach replied ,
'Not hard to Say'
She she is selling my wealth and bestowing it on worthless wreched men.

Dunlaing wanted to see the girl and when he Dubthach, saw his sword gone he inquired what she had done with it.
When she replied she had given it to a beggar he was enraged with her.

she was brought to the Leinster king and when he asked why she gave away her fathers property and wealth and especially his sword, she replied she would give it all if she had the power to give it to the Lord.

Dunlaing hence would not purchase her as he realized they could not deal with such a maiden whose merit with God was higher than theirs.

The girl was than shortly offered in marriage by her father and his sons but Brigit refused.
When she preformed a miracle for them they agreed she should never be givin to a husband unless she liked.

This was a major legal advance for women who could now refuse marriage without the consent or the desire of their male realtives.

Brigit and some of her virgin women than went to Telcha Mide to the bishop Mell [mell is pleasure in irish] to be given the veil.

Brigit had been born on a Tuesday on the 8th day of the month, and she took the virgins veil on the 18th.

Consecrated a NUN with 8 other virgins each reprsenting a beautide from the gospels of St Mathew.

She lived to be 88 years old.

Brigit continued in Meath to give charity and to feed the hungry and she wanted to make ale for the 17 churchs of the Fir Tulach around her.

She was able to help and heal the lepers who came to her.

Milk, the diet of her youth with the druids, of Connaught was a healing instrament for her.

Brigit fame as a healer spread and 2 blind Britons and a leper came to her to be healed.
She asked them to wait as an Easter celebration was going on but the British are impatient and challanged her for healing her own kin and country men immediatly.
Brigit hence healed them immediatly as they were jealous of her attention to her own countymen over them.

She develped an eye desease and Bishop Mel sought a physician to heal her. Although she did not desire to go to the physician she obeyed the bishop and on the way fell from the chariot and her head hit a stone and her blood gushed out on two dumb women lying in the road.
They found The Liaigh pronounced Lee the doctor [leech] they were seeking,

When Brigit and her NUNS attended an Assembly of the men of Ireland at Teltown ,Tailtin in the Irish,she was asked,

'Cia h athair?
Who is father?

As a judgment was to be made against one of the espocs of Patraig.
Bron of Patraigs houshold was accused by a woman that the bishop had fathered her child.

The bishop denied this child was his and Brigit was asked to resolve the question.

When the woman continued to asnwer the child was conseived by Bishop Bron she was unable to speak because of a swelling of her tongue.
Brigit therefore made the sign of the cross over the mouth of the infant and asked,

Cia h athair?
Who is thy father?
and the infant spoke ,
'a wreched misarable man on the outskirts of the Aircchtais[the Assembly].
And hence escop Bron was saved.

At that time Nat Fraich Ri Munster and Cashel, came and asked Brigit to consecrate and bless a new house he had built.

He had brought food for Brigit and her Nuns.

But she said she could not eat this food of a heathen man who hdd not been baptized.
The maithFer was grief stricken when this was said and bishop Bron Baptized him.

Patraic thus ordered that the convent should never lack an ordained person when he Nat Friaich himself took priests orders.

At these times miracles were done by Brigit in distibuting small supplies of food to large groups and blessing of homes and people.

There were deseases and poverty in the land amongst the tribes along with great wealth and fortune amongst the princes and nobles.

There were robbers in the land and on the roads and houses of well off people and their cattle had to be guarded.

A woman of the hui Meic Uais came to beg and had before always lived in poverty.
The river Liffy flooded against robbers and the oxen they had stolden from an unguarded home went back home.

There were often prisoners of the king of on the land in Brigits time and often mad men in the hills.

One at Sliab Fuait she went to see as he was harrassing the christian congregation.
the NUNs were afraid of him but Brigit asked him to preach Gods word to them and he replied,
He could not for she was merciful to the myserable and the poor.

Her Father Dubthach sent her as a Nun to Alilill m Dunlaing Ri Leinster to ask for a sword he had given the king.

A slave of that province of king Ailill came to Brigid and asked for his freedom from bondage if he should become a christain.
Brigit went into the king's lis and asked 2 boons of this king.
The transfer of the sword to her father Dubthach and freedom for the slave.

The king said,

Why should i give that to thee?
ar an rig
[said the king].

Brigit offered him the health of his children and the kingdom of Heaven but Ailill said he did not see the Kingdom of Heaven and therefore asked not for it.
Nor kingship for his sons as he Himself were alive but that they should work each one in his own time.

He asked for himself instead a long life and victory in battle over conns half, the leth Cuinn.
Brigit gave him this and in his lifetime 30 battles were fought by Ailill in Ireland and 9 in Scotland.
When he died the Laigin carried his body before them in battle against the hui Neill and the northern men were defeated.

Brigit kept sheep at the Curragh.
And later Brigit asked Bisop Mell of Meath to map out a city for her CillDara.
At that time Pillip m Dunlaing was coming on the road with over 100 horses laden with peeled rods. [used in house building].
The Nuns asked for some and were refused and the horses were than smittein under their loads.
Straight way wattles and rods were given the NUNs for the whole 100 load of the horses would not rise until these were given.

Thus was built the great house of Brigit at Cill Dara and Ailill the king of Laigin paid the wrights and fed them and as a reward left Pillips child the kingship of Leinster and so it was tell Muirchada gave his daughter to Strongbow de Clare by marriage who acquired the province of Leinster for the Norman invadors by this act of marriage of this knight to his daughter Aife.

And so the Normans of Pembroke came to rule all south and west Ireland through the Geralds of Wales and the Burkes of Edinburo.

Once before she ahd given a cow to an ungrateful and haughty man who had never been counted among the culdees and the poor and feeble.
The Celiuda De ,the Bocht and the Lobrai.

This haught leper left with the cow and the humble man stayed till another cow was given.

But the haughty leper couldnt drive his cow alone and came back to chatise Brigit as if it were her fault the cow could not easily be managed.

Then both men with the 2 cows given left and went into the Barrow river where one crossed successfully and the haughty one one drowned with his cow.

At one time 7 bishops came from hui Briuin Cualann-- from Telach n espoc, to Kildare and Brigit asked her cook Blathnait if she had any food.
The cook said she had none and Brigit was ashamed not to have food.
for the holy bishops.

Some aingels came and told her to milk the cows for a 3rd time that day and she herself milked the cows till the tubs were filled with milk and the milk overflowed and formed a lake called the Loch in Ais, the lake of milk to this day.

Now everything Bridgit wanted was granted to her by God and she remained always shy, modest, gentle and harmonious .
Always intent to help the poor and expell hardship from them.

Brigit remained abstinent and innocent, prayerfull and patient,
forgiving and loving.
She was compationate to the wreched. Full of miracles and marvels,
and helped everyone in straits or in danger.

She abaited the pestilances and quelled the anger of storms of the seas and thus she was called ,

Mary of the Gael.

Brigit the fiery Aran was born a daughter of a chief and king but her mother was his bondswoman and so was she.

As she grew in the hands of druids in the countryside of Connacht she would in the day tend the sheep and churn the butter made from the 12 cows her mother tended for the Druid.

She aquired a reputation for helping the destitue and poor.

Many miracles were attributed to Brigit such as solving a husband /wife problem ,bringing the kings pet fox back to life, curing lepers, creating Ais loch.

Many of the legends told of Briget reflect the desire of the common people to be protected by the miracles and skills attributed by the former wizards. the Druids ,in the new Christain bishops, priests, and nuns.
St Brigits priests and nuns.

St Brigits well is attributed magical healing waters .
The well is in the Burren near the Sea.

However it is not promoted as an atttraction as is St Patricks purgatory.
A small fish appears every 7 years in the well and whoever sees it is cured of any ailiament.

The first of February ,St Brigits Day denotes the beginning of the bird nest building and the giving of a firkin of butter to working boys.
As Brigit always had care for the poor.

On this day also the Cross of St Brigit is made of the thatch straw and placed over each door in the thatch.

This the end of an old year and the 1st day of the new year.

This day as seen is also the beginning of the lambing season when the new beautiful kids are born in the fields and the day of the flood of the Nile by the rising of the planet Venus above the fruitful land of the Nile Delta.

Brigit confered with Brenain the Navagator at her place on the Liffe where she had been tending her sheep.

At one time Brigit was to poor as a bond girl to have grass to feed her cow and she was grazing it by the roadside.

A rich man owning much land then saw her and asked how much land was needed for the grass of 1 cow.
As much as my cloak would cover she replied and he said he would give that.

She spread her cloak and it spread out for miles over the land.
But an old woman passing said if that cloak goes on ,all Ireland will be free.
The cloak stopped but Brigit then held that land through all her lifetime and it had no rent since until the English conficated it and built a barracks on it.

At the Battel of Almuin
Brigits spirit prevailed over the men of Leinster as Couim Cille was over the ONeill and Laigin won that battle.

Long after Strongbow saw her on his death bed and cried out that she was bringing him to his death.

Brigit of the Aranfire is rememberd as the peasants cover the red ashes of the turf fire for the morning,
and recite:

I save the fire as Christ saved everyone
Bright beneith it
The son of Mary within it

Let the 3 Aingels and the people of this house
be sheltered until the dawn of day
Mother of the flocks
Quieter of thy Sea
It is she who is
Mary of the Gael.

Brigit lived and died in the early days of Christsin Ireland and with the spirit of that new way she also captured the mistakes of the old past in the bonding and selling of women, the capture and work of slaves, the poverty in the land and the dispise of failure and the deseased.
The ability of the stong lords and princes to keep their own and to remain superior to their peasant people.

she captured the overpowering influence of the early church personell both domestic and imported and confronted the problems still existant in Ireland today ,the matter of food ,shelter, warmth and security.

Her town of cillDara today is prosperous and an attraction and her name world famous.

Her cross allegedly woven while she converted a dying old pagan to the faith still is made at the schools on Feburay 1, a quarter day, Imbolg in modern terminology. The butter bag day.

she paved the way for women in the church and in education and in the hospitals where they excelled and held respect for centuries after her death.
Many followed her lead into the convents to avoid obscurity in marriage arranged by their families and rather reamined in these cloistered seclusions til they either married of their own choise for love or became sisters dedicated to the orders of healing and help throughout the world.

Brigit took care to honor her mother, to help her mother, to free her mother the bondswoman and to help her father share his unused wealth although he did not desire to give nor did the Druids. They did for her sake.

The name Brigit is used in the Irish text as written in the MS tranlated by Stokes in the 1800s.

The name Brigid is also used for this nun but it may be more a name attributed to the older Brigid the Goddess of the Gael.
A mythical figure of ancient times.

Bride is derived by the common people from the spelling of Brighde in which the h precludes the pronounciation in speech of the g.

It is not clear if the symbol g is ever pronounced in Irish gaelic at all. Transposing to the welsh wa and the english gh in which g is precluded altogether by the h after it.

There is also a Brigid from Sweeden who figures in the spelling of this name.

Bri means energy
and git seems to mean a bit from giot.
A bit of energy.

The old id ending of Irish may be from Sweeden not the Norse language or fromthe Icelandic of the Ilse.

the Id later becomes ith now meaning hunger.

the thane or the dane
scots and the Dana

Judi Donnelly
copyright 30 September 2010

sourse:the anacdota, Lives of Saints #5,
whitley Stokes, Oxford translation, 1890