West of Sianain
There are 7 counties West of the Shannon river that run from the south sea fingers up to the north sea at loc swilly.
Leitrim west--O Rourc
These 7 counties with the additional 2 counties of Limerick and Mayo comprise what is known as west Ireland.
They were the counties shired from Tir Conaill, Connacht and Mumna by the invading continental forces Norman and Anglo and their princes tigernas were the powerfull families and tuaths of Domnaill, O Concobair and oBriain along with the south ocean force of MaCarthaig and o Sullibain covering what was known as West Munster and Kerry or in Norman Days Desmond.
Tir Connell was never shired by the English but was completely subdued by the Engish armys.
Some of the history indicate that this whole region was treatied to the old Dananns when the Milisian forces came in to Ireland from the south Atlantic area around 1400 BC.
The new soldiers taking the land east of the river Sionain and a pillar was erected indicating these territorial divides.
Allegedly at the plain of Muirthemne.
The pillar unfortunately seem to have been distroyed like much else of the literature and architecture of old Ireland.
Supplanted and deviated buried by other cultures.
A process still ongoing.
The people of these two nations remained more or less separated for some centuries each having their own government and rules but finally marriages were arranged and this created a race in Erinn of what i call 'the big blond and beautiful' those of combined Milisian and Danann Nemedian genes.
These river tribes seem to be examples of that cross breeding and these were the guardians of the border west of Shannon.
A unified military force which was not disrupted until the arrival of the scot Burge from Edinburg with the Normans Plantaganet king Henry 2 and his granting children.
Thus the entire provinces of Munster, Connact and Donegal became sword land in 1169.
Just east of the river lay the lands of the Raghailly in east Breifne[Cavan].the Ra ailly or R'eilly.
West Meath of the Maoilseclainns. Offaly of the Failaig .
Tipperary of the Ormond Butlers formerly the Kennadys and Driscolls and Demspey, and east Limerick of the oBriain tribes.
Cork or east Munster figured significantly as it was a major invasive port for the contintal arrivals and was completly occupied by them.
The Irish had not enough power to hold Munster and that shows today in its lands and roads and houses.
The east is therefore more Norman and more Anglo in genetic content than is the west which still retains its vision of the milisain clann, the gael, the spearman, and the old history.
These people were mostly driven out of Ireland and are now numerous in the United States where they have been assimilted after all.
The north countries of Tir Eogain and Ulster remained intact until the battle of Kisaile in 1601 when the forces of ONeill and O Donnell and their allies were defeated and broken by a superior English force.
However the culture was broken not by Elizabeth 1 who died of old age or the lack of military control by the Irish tribes , but by the plantation confiscation of land by James Stuart son of Mary Queen of Scots.
The desendant of the French royal house though his grandmother Mary of Guise, child of Claude Duke of Guise of Louraine.
James and his Scotish lairds took the entire country by displacement of the lands and the confication of the tribal holdings.
His Burke cousins of Edinburg held Mayo and all Connact as well as Ulster through the red earl.
the Normans held all of Munster and south central Ireland through Desmond and Kildre the Fitzgerals of Wales.
The Ulster lands of east of the Bann river remained in the hands of the presbyterian Scots who had held it since the Bruce era in 1350.
This is the area today which has the 'not an inch' attitude and the James Stuart zelotic desire to convert the whole island to preysbyterian lore instilled in this child king by Buchannans, Hamilton and Bothwell.
If anything James was a neglected child, an a abused child.
A child who was qualified by birth to be prince and ruler but not by training or exposure.
In the west the Taoise fell one by one to poverty, desease ,dependance and internal murdering of each other and a series of unholy alliance to obtain a selfish personal power.
The nine great families forming a line of forts from the south sea of Bere to the north sea of Ailec and Malinhead became the congested area .
The haulers of seaweed to form a potato patch and the cabin dwellers of a quarter acre let to them by his lordship .
The whole land value system was changed and lost.
The language lost to English.
The history lost to peasant memory and a few touching songs of the pubs.
The great church cathederals held by decendants of these families bishops and abbots replaced by church people from the continent.
Rome took the lead of the parishes the diocese.
Latin took the literature and the litergy.
Patrick secumbed to continental saints.
The children were carefuly taught for 800 years.
It became somthing else .
Yet the great family names live on .
The great fighters and rovers of the countryside as the country searches for its own past.
copyright 8 september 2010.