Monday, December 27, 2010

MILI psot with adendeum whihc should be about correct

GENEOLOGY OF THE MELISIANS TABLE 1

MILEAD M BILE M NEMA EIBER FINN

IRIAL FAID MAOIL

EITRIAL CONN

FULLAIG EOCAID FAEBAR GLASS

TIGERNAMAS NUADA

EOCAID MIC DAIRE ROSSA
[EAN BOTA]

OILILL SOBERCE
[SMIORGUILL]

FIACAID LABRUINE

AONGUS OLMCADA

MAON
[LABRAID LOINGSEAC [RED HAND]

ROITEACHTAIG ROITEACHTAIG
ROTAN [ROAN]
DIAN
[DONN] ELIM OLFINEACHTA


SIORNA SAOGLAC THE SEA PEOPLE
[SOEGACH]

SIRNA GIALCADA
[SI RA NA= faeri sea the]

AILELLA CALCHA
[OILIOLA OLCAOIM] 1427 BC ELIM OILFIN SNEACHTA
= FIR BUILGE
SIRNA GIALCHAD
SIMON BREC 1223 BC AIRT IMLEC OLCAIN BC MUIREACDACH
[SEA INHERITANCE] AIRT

LUGAID LAIMDERG [RED HAND] CONGAL COSRA BRES
MAOIL RIOGAETH
ECAC UA IRCHEAS GOIRGEAS
[AIRCAS]

LUGAID IAR DONN 1
=ENDA DERG 2

DUC FINN* LUGAID IAR DONN 2
[DONG FINN] [WEST CHIEF]

=ENDA DERG 2 =ENDA DERG 2

1023 BC SETNA INNAR LUGAID LOINSEACH
[LUEY OR LUG]

*DUC FINN OF THE SNEACTA A SON OF SETNA M BRES M AIRT IMLEC M ELIM OLFINEACTA M ROITEACHTAIG M MAON LABRAID M AENGUS OLMUCADA M FIACHTA LABRUINNE M SOBAIRIC M EN BOTA M TIGERNMAS M FOLLAD M IRIAL FIAD M EIREMON M MILEAD M BILE

DUC FINN M ENDA DERG M LUGAID IAR DONN M ECAC US IRCHERS M OLCAIN M SIRNA GOIGEAS M AILELLA M SIRNA M AILELLA M SAOGLAC

these represent the union of the two factions of the fued+.
one representing the mother, the other the father.
without the banseanchus we cannot identify the mother who is listed by her father or her tuata.


LUGAID M SETNA M FINN M ECAC M SIRNA M OILIOL OLCAOIN M SIORNA SAOGLAC M DIAN [DONN] M ROITEACTAIG [RODAN OR DEMAN] M MAON

LUGIAD M IAR DON M ENDA DEARG2 M DUC FINN M SETNA M BRES M AIRT IMLEC M ELIM OLFINEACTA M ROITHEACHTAIG M MAON [LABRAID LOINSECH]

LUGAID M AIR DON M ENDA DEARG 2 M DUC FINN [DONG FIN] M ENDA DEARG 1 M LUGAID IAR DON M ECAC UA IRCHERS M OLCAIN M GOIGEAS M SIRNA M AILELLE M SAOGLAC

+ the fued beteen these factions cousin all went on from
1427
1023
404 years.

I believe the union creating Duc Finn and Lugaid ended the killing pattern as these children represnted both elements of the tribes.
those making their living from the sea and those farmers and herders on the land.

Ireland has lost her sea going tradition but the farmers till strive to keep the name on the land.



ADDENDUM

These dates are cartouched names indicating a cross breeding between the forces on the island.


1620 FOLLAID MIC IRIAL FAID MIC MILEAD

1427 AONGUS 0LMUCADA MIC FIACRACH LABRAINE [LABRUINNE]

1327 FAIL DIOD DERG MIC MAON

[MAC ROAN MIC FAILBE MIC CAS CEAD CAIN GNACH MEIC FAILDOID DEARG]

[ many opportunitys inexaustable red]

1223 AILELLA M ROAN DO SIRNA kills
ELIM OLFIN EACTA MIC ROITHEACHTAIG [1230]

possible over a seal
Roan belongs to sea not soldiers for seal fur coats

11 23 MISSING CENTURY

1023 SETNA INNA RAIG MIC BRES MEIC ELIM OLFINN
AND
DUC FIN MIC ENDA DERG MIC LUGAID IARDON MEIC OLCAIN MEIC AILELLA CALCHA

He paid wages to the troops and resoved teh Blood Fued between Sirna and Sneacta forces. Both branches of the Milisian people.

The Blood Fued thus activly went on from 1223
1023
200 years

Or about 8 generations which incompasses the missing century from 1223 to 1123 and 1123 to 1023.

For this act of settlement and perhaps because of it Setna was killed by disection by his Oilfinn reltive Bresse Riogaeth mic Airt m Imlech mic Elim Oilfinn Mic Roitheachtaig [Roan the Seal also caled Rotan and Deman the son of Moan Loingsech of Sirna.

With Setnas sons Doc Finn and the Lugaid came the reconsiliation of the two forces.
One of the west Iar Don and one of the Mumna throug Duc Finn, Dong Finn, somewhere in the period of 900-800 BC.

An era of Milisian history preserved with little regard to time and no clear indication of 'derb fine' on either side ;and no central rule.

The internal battle between tuath for control and econonic needs ruled along with their formal nobility and client allegiance from the time of Ailella of the Sea till Setna of both sea and snow whose life was sacraficed in a fit of remaining vengance and cruelity by his grandfather or great uncle or brother Bresse Maoil Riogaeth of Balar who tied this noble crossbreed king to horses and dragged his body apart killing Setana and perhaps causing so much aversion from this act as to end the vengance killing practice completely among the units and brigades and companys of the old Milisian Army of Ith and Eiber and Eireamonfrom 1627 or so to 1023
604 years six hundered and some years.

With Setna came a new era and an cercease to blood killings and the client and the kin killings and beginning of the paid security force the Finn Loga the Gialcada [battle hostages].
The Fionn Fial and finlaly the era of Ollam Fodla ,king of all Ireland and his reachtaig ,the law of the Assembly of Tara Hill for all.

The tuath and all army to decide the conditions of life on the island.

The beginnings of democracy over ancient military alliances over the band of brothers and the sword and the coming of the Oenach and the Oireactac and the Feis.

The Ireland so much sought after over the centuries with its 40 shades of greenand allegainces of blood fueds and Self rule of princes and tigernas.

This rule of law brought on from the uneducated peasant, kin and kirk and kern, the laberer and the serf.
the tuat chosing their leaders, their spokesmen and their prince and they themselves retaiing the land their province and their independence.

These oglach and foot solders and horse jockyes of Eire.

The gardai tody is correct in interfering in remenences of the old Blood Fued obligations as Ireland moves along in this 21 century to achieving itself a unity and and independence of race and understanding of itself.

Judi Donnelly
copyright 24 December 2010

MILISIAN GENOS TABLE 1

GENEOLOGY OF THE MELISIANS TABLE 1

MILEAD M BILE M NEMA EIBER FINN

IRIAL FAID MAOIL

EITRIAL CONN

FULLAIG EOCAID FAEBAR GLASS

TIGERNAMAS NUADA

EOCAID MIC DAIRE ROSSA
[EAN BOTA]

OILILL SOBERCE
[SMIORGUILL]

FIACAID LABRUINE

AONGUS OLMCADA

MAON
[LABRAID LOINGSEAC [RED HAND]

ROITEACHTAIG ROITEACHTAIG
ROTAN [ROAN]
DIAN
[DONN] ELIM OLFINEACHTA


SIORNA SAOGLAC THE SEA PEOPLE
[SOEGACH]

SIRNA GIALCADA
[SI RA NA= faeri sea the]

AILELLA CALCHA
[OILIOLA OLCAOIM] 1427 BC ELIM OILFIN SNEACHTA
= FIR BUILGE
SIRNA GIALCHAD
SIMON BREC 1223 BC AIRT IMLEC OLCAIN BC MUIREACDACH
[SEA INHERITANCE] AIRT

LUGAID LAIMDERG [RED HAND] CONGAL COSRA BRES
MAOIL RIOGAETH
ECAC UA IRCHEAS GOIRGEAS
[AIRCAS]

LUGAID IAR DONN 1
=ENDA DERG 2

DUC FINN* LUGAID IAR DONN 2
[DONG FINN] [WEST CHIEF]

=ENDA DERG 2 =ENDA DERG 2

1023 BC SETNA INNAR LUGAID LOINSEACH
[LUEY OR LUG]

*DUC FINN OF THE SNEACTA A SON OF SETNA M BRES M AIRT IMLEC M ELIM OLFINEACTA M ROITEACHTAIG M MAON LABRAID M AENGUS OLMUCADA M FIACHTA LABRUINNE M SOBAIRIC M EN BOTA M TIGERNMAS M FOLLAD M IRIAL FIAD M EIREMON M MILEAD M BILE

DUC FINN M ENDA DERG M LUGAID IAR DONN M ECAC US IRCHERS M OLCAIN M SIRNA GOIGEAS M AILELLA M SIRNA M AILELLA M SAOGLAC

these represent the union of the two factions of the fued+.
one representing the mother, the other the father.
without the banseanchus we cannot identify the mother who is listed by her father or her tuata.


LUGAID M SETNA M FINN M ECAC M SIRNA M OILIOL OLCAOIN M SIORNA SAOGLAC M DIAN [DONN] M ROITEACTAIG [RODAN OR DEMAN] M MAON

LUGIAD M IAR DON M ENDA DEARG2 M DUC FINN M SETNA M BRES M AIRT IMLEC M ELIM OLFINEACTA M ROITHEACHTAIG M MAON [LABRAID LOINSECH]

LUGAID M AIR DON M ENDA DEARG 2 M DUC FINN [DONG FIN] M ENDA DEARG 1 M LUGAID IAR DON M ECAC UA IRCHERS M OLCAIN M GOIGEAS M SIRNA M AILELLE M SAOGLAC

+ the fued beteen these factions cousin all went on from
1427
1023
404 years.

I believe the union creating Duc Finn and Lugaid ended the killing pattern as these children represented both elements of the tribes.
those making their living from the sea and those farmers and herders on the land.

Ireland has lost her sea going tradition but the farmers till strive to keep the name on the land.


Judi Donnelly
copyright december 19 2010

sourse : my notes Gabala and other books

THE FIRST BLOOD FUED

THE FIRST BLOOD FUED

After the coming of Mili and his army and the settlement of his son Irial Fiad, some 8 or 9 derbfines passed before sea people under SOEGACH AN SIRNA are mentioned.

Sirnas son Ailella Caldra killed the 9th decendant of Irial Faid called Elim Olfineacta, a Gailenga, about 1223 BC starting a Blood Fued between the people in Ireland by the Milisian Decendants known as the
S'Ne Acta, basicaly seed children of the Act or the Snow.

There is no reason given for Ailill's killing of Elim of the Sneacta However there was a great anger over it and the settled snow people revenged the killings as they could for generations.


These sea people apparently part of the Mili tribes living by the use of the sea[fishermen] provided a line of decent to LUGAID M SETNA and his brother OLCAIN M SIRNA who produced the UA IRCHERS, [Oirchers or Archers], called Guirgeas [goirgaus]; the Iar Donn [west chief], Lugaid, his son Enda Dearg and the next entry one DUC FIN,father of Enda Dearg 2 and the grandson again a Lugaid.

Because of the killing by Ailella Caich in 1427 or so the 9th generation of S'neachta m Mili before this would have indicated the decendants of Bile and Breogain had arrived at least 200 or 300 years before the killing in 1427 or about 1400-1500 BC.


However dates vary on all these early invasions as most of them were compiled from prodestant professors at Trinity College trying to establish an episcopal link to the Hebrews and the Flood.

The Irish never expressed much interest in their past, rather favored extolling the exploits of their Heros and Champions like Cuculain, Maeva and Aillill, and their sea going brethern like Moan- Loingseach Labraid- and other decendats of Lir the God of the Sea.

They did keep track of genetic data through their Bards and Lords more out of consern for land holdings and other Ceart[ rights] and obligations of clientship to these lords and chieftains than consern for there long deceased ancestors.

If an ancestor made a mark for himself or was a roydama, his history , expoits and adventures were sung by the Bards at royal feis and later at fireside storys in a clacan of peasant cottages.

A line of decent for Elim Olfineachta from Milisians is also shown throug Heber Finn through Maoil Roiteachtaig[ Reataucte].

At that era vengence killing were required as an honor.
If a person was murdered it was required his kin, particularly his sons , avenge him killing either the perpetrator or his sons.

Hence many young men were slain for a murder commited by perhaps his father or grandfather and this included battle field killings.

If a kin or a child fell by his enemys sword in lawful combat his children and kin were required to avenge this loss against the people and their children who had killed one of their own members.

This practice is common among chimpanzes and orangatangs noting the simlilar DNA between the primate and the human.
Much of a our behavior is animal instint, or as we like to put it, 'gut feeling' or a spirit.

Other records indicate several battles ongoing in the time of Irial Faid m Milisius.

Indeed Milead himself and his brother Eibear of the south did battle with each other in which the one top kingship of the island was established.

Irial Faid fought the Battle of Ard In Maith [Tethba] and the Battle of Earb Ard Cromfe.
He build 7 forts on the island and cleared 12 plains.
He is buried at mag Maude which would be in Meath.

His decendant EitRiail king 20 years, was killed by Con Maoil at the battle of Rairiu ,the Laigen.

The next High king Fullaig was killed by Eiber's children at the battle of Ard Currain by the Con Maoil.

Tigearmas defied the Druids and was poisoned by these Holy pagan Men after holding the kingship for 27 years.

Eocaid m Daire [Ena Bota] killed Con Maoil at the battle of Carman.
He was the king who smelted gold and silver in Ireland and distinguised persons ranked by assiging them colored garments.
The king himself allowed to wear 7 colors as were the Ollams.
Bota died at the Assembly of Mag Slect on Samain night.
He worshiped Crom Cruac ,an idol and 7 lakes erupted during his long reign.

Oilill Sobearce , Smiorguill , died of a fever at Ard Macha.

His decendant, Fiacaid Labruinne ,was king when lake Neagh in Uilster erupted as did Loch Earne.
He fought the battle of Sea and Swamp and died at Slaibe Belgatan killed by Eochu Mumu[ Munster].

His son was Aongus Olmcada who fought a battle against the Fir Builge and the cruithne tuath and was killed at the battle of Carman in Argatros.

His Grandson Roiteactaig m Maon was 22 years king of Ireland and killed by Setna.
He was known as Rotan or Deman and his son was Dian or Donn, king of the Gailen who was killed by Ailill m Slanell.

So there was a constant history of chief and tigerna killings.
Killing betwen various army brigades within the Mili camps.

The history of the Mili army is not peaceful but organized combat among themselves and client allies of previous tuats[tots] such as Danannan or Fir Builg or even of islands north as the Hibrides, or other rulers of provincial tracts.


Olfineacta was of the Gailenga and had sons 2 of whom were Simon Brec and Airt Imlec.

Arts son Bres produced SETNA INNA RAID AND SIMON BREC .

His brother produced MUIREDACH which means Sea inheritance.
Muireadachs son was CONGAL COSRA.

SETNA called Innar Raige , fixes a date of 900 BC.

He was a just ruler and set a wage for his troops who had formerly been volunters and clients.
This was the army of Ireland not his personal guard.
He is associted with Dui Finn as a decendant.
But he was killed by his great uncle SIMON BREC who tied him to 2 horses and tore the chief apart.

Setna left sons Lugaid and Duc Finn who is listed as a product of both peoples the Sea people and the Sneacta.

His father Enda Dearg 2, and Iar Don father of Lugaid.

Lugaid m Iar Donn is also listed as the son of Ecach ua Irchers mic Olcain m Goilgeas mic Sirna m Ailell.

Both of Olcain and the Goilgeis, also caled Gialchad.

With these entrys in the sagas , of early 1200 BC Milisians encounters with Sirna of the Sea, the tales of these people end without connection to the future except though Lugaid Iar Donn who becomes- 4 generations later- LUCAID LAIMDEARGH M ECACH.

Also showing a linage from OLCAIN SIRNA.

Again a union beteen the Sea and the Snow.

SimeonBrec is listed as being a Fir Builg,
and Bres m Airt Imlec his brother both sons of Olfineachta is listed as a Riogaeth of Balar the Fomor.

And so once again the gra [love] triumphs in the land of Fal.
Lugaid Laimdearg
Lue of the red hand arrives carring forth the condition of a blemish of the hand as inicially listed in Maon Labraid Loingseach, father of Roiteartaig decendent of the Dong Finn, a decendant of Sirna.

This Red Hand an upturned right hand palm with all 5 fingers together appears on the O Neill/Donnelly coat of arms as well as several other Ulster septs.
Still in tact indicating that the snow people were primarily in the north.
I have never seen it on a western coat of arms and its meaning obscured although this available from the Chief Herald of Ireland if such can be induced to answer inquirys free of charge.

Judi Donnelly

copyright 22 December 2010

sourse:

my notes from Gabala and other books

Monday, December 20, 2010

KEEPING CHRISTMAS

KEEPING CHRISTMAS

I is a good thing to observe Christmas day.
The mere marking of times and seasons, when men agree to stop work and make merry together, is a wise and wholesome custom.
It helps one to feel the supremacy of thE common life over the individual life.
It reminds man to set his own little watch, now and then, by the great clock of humanity which runs on sun time.

But there is a better thing than the observance of Christmas Day,
and that is keeping Christmas.

Are you willing to forget what you have done for other people,
and to remember what other people have done for you;
to ignore what the world owes you,
and to think what you owe the world;

to put your rights in the background, and your duties in the middle distance,
and your chances to do a little more than your duty in the foreground;

to see that your fellow men are just as real as you are,
and try to look behind their faces to their hearts hungry for joy;

to own that probably the only good reason for your existance in not what you are going to get out of life but what you are going to give to life;
to close your book of complaints against the management of the Universe,
and look around you for a place where you can sow a few seeds of happiness--

Are you willing to do these things even for a day?
Than you can keep Christmas.

Are you willing to stoop down and consider the needs of ,the desires of little children;
to remember the weakness and loneliness of people who are growing old; to stop asking how much your friends love you,
and ask yourself whether you love them enough;
to bear in mind the things that other people have to bear in their hearts;
to try to understand what those who live in the same house with you really want without waiting for them to tell you;

to trim your lamp so that it will give more light and less smoke,
to make a grave for your ugly thoughts and a garden of your kindly feelings,
with the gate open--

Are you willing to do these things even for a day?
Then you can keep Christmas.

Are you willing to believe that love is the stongest thing in the world--
stonger than hate,
stronger than evil,
stonger than death--

and that the blessed life which began in Bethleham nineteen hundered years ago is the image and brightness of the Eternal Love?
Than if you can keep it for a day,why not always?

But you can never keep it alone.

Henry VanDyke

KEEPING CHRISTMAS

KEEPING CHRISTMAS

I is a good thing to observe Christmas day.
The mere marking of times and seasons, when men agree to stop work and make merry together, is a wise and wholesome custom.
It helps one to feel the supremacy of thE common life over the individual life.
It reminds man to set his own little watch, now and then, by the great clock of humanity which runs on sun time.

But there is a better thing than the observance of Christmas Day,
and that is keeping Christmas.

Are you willing to forget what you have done for other people,
and to remember what other people have done for you;
to ignore what the world owes you,
and to think what you owe the world;

to put your rights in the background, and your duties in the middle distance,
and your chances to do a little more than your duty in the foreground;

to see that your fellow men are just as real as you are,
and try to look behind their faces to their hearts hungry for joy;

to own that probably the only good reason for your existance in not what you are going to get out of life but what you are going to give to life;
to close your book of complaints against the management of the Universe,
and look around you for a place where you can sow a few seeds of happiness--

Are you willing to do these things even for a day?
Than you can keep Christmas.

Are you willing to stoop down and consider the needs of ,the desires of little children;
to remember the weakness and loneliness of people who are growing old; to stop asking how much your friends love you,
and ask yourself whether you love them enough;
to bear in mind the things that other people have to bear in their hearts;
to try to understand what those who live in the same house with you really want without waiting for them to tell you;

to trim your lamp so that it will give more light and less smoke,
to make a grave for your ugly thoughts and a garden of your kindly feelings,
with the gate open--

Are you willing to do these things even for a day?
Then you can keep Christmas.

Are you willing to believe that love is the stongest thing in the world--
stonger than hate,
stronger than evil,
stonger than death--

and that the blessed life which began in Bethleham nineteen hundered years ago is the image and brightness of the Eternal Love?
Than if you can keep it for a day,why not always?

But you can never keep it alone.

Henry VanDyke

THE FIFTH INVASION

THE FIFTH INVASION


Over the Centuries since Agnoman and his tribes were excuded from Citia for killing the Citian king they went in 60 ships westward through the Narrows to the Pontus Sea, the North Sea and spent some years in the Caucusus Mts of Russia.
Than to Gotha for 8 generations [aproximatly 200 years].
From Eibear Scota to Bratha of Espainia.

From there they went north by sea out of that peninsula called Galicia for Ireland under the children and sons of Milead.

Milead the thousand ,also called Biscam [crooked vise] and Galamh [ray hand], had 6 sons who sailed to Ireland to conquest the current ascendant tribes, the tuatha de Danannan peoples.

These nomadic and mercenary soldiers, decendants of Feini Fearsaid of Citia in the east and EiberScot* the brother of Eogain both the children of Niul or Neall.

EiberScot was the ancestor of Peleg father of Abraham and Eogain the ancestor of Muiredach of the Sea, 890 BC.

Of Agnoman mic and the Brigante m Brata of Gailicia through Eireman the son of Milead who married Tea the daughter of Lugaid m Ith the child of Breogain m Brata.

BRATA

BREOGAIN

MILEAD ITH

EIREMON LUGAID IR
=TEA*
TEA
IRIALFAID

*HIS BROTHERS DAUGHTER

Ith had gone to Ireland from Gailicia[Gelicah] and had raised suspicion among the Danan rulers there that his intentions were to reconoiter that land for an impending attach.
They subsequently killed Ith and sent his body back to Gailicia.

The 6 sons of Milid and Ir the son of Ith went to avenge this death and arrived at the southwest of Ireland.

The innicial attach was diverted by the island forces which created a truce with the flotilla to send them beyond the 9th wave of the Atlantic Ocean.

Eiber, the Admiral of the Fleet, agreed to this and the flotilla was partially distroyed off the coast of Ireland by a serious storm in the south west Atlantic.

Only 3 of the sons of Milead landed at Valencia Island,
Eiremon
Aimergin and
Eiber himself.

Colpa was killed. Ir Drowned, Donn and Firioch all died at sea in the storm.
Dil drowned with her husband Donn as did FearRuad
on this expedition to avenge the kiling of Ith.

The battle of Sliabe Mis was fought and the Battle of Tailte at the Colpa river and the island divided between the brothers.
Eireamon got the north with 5 chiefs under him.
Eiber the south half of the Island.

Aimergin, Goistean, Seadga ,Sobairce and Suirge were chiefs under the north.

Amergin at Turloch Inis BearMor
Goistean Cathair Nair
Seadge Dun Deilginse - Cuala
Sobairce Dun Sobairce - for IR
Suirce Dun Eadair.
Eireman Himself at Raith Beiteach on the Feoir River in Osruige at Leinster.

This created 6 forts belonging to the north holding.

Eibear, who had Admiralty of the fleet,
Himself at Raith Eoamhain
Caioce at Dunn Inn
Monntan at Carriage - BladRuide
En mic Oige Ard Suir
Fulman at Carraig Feada

Again 6 forts for the south.

The princes rule.

The Danannans remained in the country under the new chiefs and a treaty of peace was made between the Melisians and the old tribes given control of lands west of Shannon river and a pillar erected to commemorate that event of peace betwen the 2 people.

Those of Fenius Fearsaid decendants, and those of Lir , Manannan, Mider, Dagda ,Ogma, Bodg Dearg, and Aongus Og, along with Dian Cetch and the other famous personalites of the Danannan peoples, Eire,Banba and Fodla, the 3 queens of that rule.
Nuada, when he conquered and killed Erc's son Eocaid ,last Fir Builge king ,and now subservient people or intermarried with the Danannans.

Again they became recombinants though marraige and childen of the indiginous peoples and the nobles with the Danan and now the Milisian tribes of 1000 soldiers coming to the green and prosperous land of Erinn.

It is thus said of such persons like Bodg Dearg and Aongus Og who created the son Donn ,father of Diarmaid ,that the race of Irish arose consisting of traits still distinct and this melding of the 3 prominent tribal groups, a race that occupied the island from earliest times.

Thoughout these eras, Ireland was a land of plenty in fresh fish, honey, milk from cattle; sheep, grain and other corns such as oats and barley and raipe with its bright yellow fields.

Its woods were full of nuts wild boar, red deer and its waters plentiful.
Its climate usually mild.

The waters and lakes and rivers of Ireland were frequently arising at this period, or changing course and during this time Eiremon ruled himself for 14 years after the Battle of Aiorgeadros and the Battle of Ui Failge with his brother Eiber, he ruled 14 years.
Eiber was killed at Giesill.

Eiremon is buried at Raith Beiteach in the north where he had located his fortress and his son Irail Faid ,child of Muimne a daughter of Eireamon is buried at Maig Morde.

The son of Eiber, Con Maoil, was king for 30 years in the south and fought 25 battles wih his uncle Eireamon.

He was killed at the Battle of Aonac Maca by Eiber Mic Tigearmas, the great grandson of Irail Faid M Eireamon which gives us the 4 generations derbfine.

Con Maiol is buried at Aonac Maca called Con Maels Mound.

His son Eocaid Fadbearglas mic Con Maoil m Eibear Fionn mic Milead mic Breagain m Brata of Spain ruled 20 years and was killed at the Battle of Carman at Cinnsealla in the Southeast.
His men carried sharp edges spears of a blue green hue.

Faobarglas had a son called MoFebis and his son Eocaid Mumo.

The battle of Sliabe Bealgadir was fought and Enna Airgtioc, Mumo's son became the souths king for 27 years.
silver Sheilds were made.
[Mumna had a great expanse of silver mines in the south mountains.]

Eanna was killed at the Battle of Raigne.

20 generations later the mic designation listed the grandson only, 3 generations.

In 703BC the ruler of Ireland was,
Ollam Fodla mic Fiacaid Fionn Scotach mic Seadna mic Airt mic Airtru mic Eibric mic Eibear mic Ir mic Milid [or Ith the brotherof Milead].

Ollam sets a recorded date .
Ruled sucessfully for 30 years from Teamair[Tara].
Established the Feis of Tara.
Held assemblys, made laws for the land, married a Fir Builge princess and died in peace.

He created the Tsalter of Tara, Annals and Records, made in and confirmed by the Assembly.
He held seanchus of stories, music and games, kept a Roll of Tara of the tribes, had a marshall of the house and 'seanca' a shield bearer.

Eocaid Ollam Fodla was king of Ireland at the time of Maon, Liongseach Labraid m Cairbre, son of Sarah .

Maen= Maoin and Roitertaig [Rotan or Deman] and Dian [Donn] a Gailenga.

Ollam was king 40 years from 703BC till 743BC
He had 5 sons.

The story or saga of the Danannans is only the talesend of their reign in Eirinn as it is relayed to us by the Milisain Army and the history which is most complete is the Milisian tribes as the Mili had many confrontations and battles and as they still sing this day,
'Soldiers are we . Pledged to fight for Ireland'.

The tales of Midir and his taking of his princess Etain into the air at a feis of Beltain.
The tales of the champion Dagda and his son Aongus Og .
The remembrance of Manannain, their progenator, a fisherman and sea man.
The tribes taking their living from the plentiful sea.
Nuada Nect ni Damair an Flaith--
washing from the sea
a living from the sea
the prince ,OCean [OCaun]
the Ce the lake Loch of water
uisce-it is the sea.

The great battle of these sea living people over the Fir Builge people of Erc at the Cath Tailtui and the enumeration of this battle and the second Tailtui battle to ward of the invading Fomoir and the 3 epic queens, Eire Banba and Fodla, with the invading army of 1 thousand mili solders from Breogain and Gailitia.

These stories of the bringing of the Lia Fail screaming rock to tell the true prince of the tribe.
The great cauldron pf plenty they brought from Muiris of the 4 cities
in their ships from the sea and the sword and the spear of victory.

These Fear Dea[FarDau] and the female battle godesses Badb ,Macha the beheader, and Morigain the Crow, and their counter parts the Queens. Daughters of Dadga the champion Eire,Fodla and Banba, by whose names the island was often called, and the great mystery of the childrin of Lir.

Aoba, the eldest married to Lir by her father Bodg Derg of Aran and her child FionNuala and Aod. Than twins Fiacha and Conn.
The births of which killed her.

Thus Bodg Derg sent his second daugher, Aoife.

But Aoife was jelous of the children of Lir by her sister Aobe, who after a time took the childcren and turned them into swans to be so for 900 years.

She, called a witch by Fion Nuala.

300 years at Lochdair Rech[Der Rauch]

300 years on Sruth na Maoile [Maele] sea of Alba and Ireland.
The Irish sea.

300 years on Irrus Dommann and Inis Gluarre and so these swans, bird childen of Lir, did go for 9 centuries from the time of Lir and Bodg Derg m Aongus Og until they were finally restored to human form in the christain era by St Mocha O Mog at Inis Sluaire and his bell to free all from pain and mysery.

The children of Lir began their own sweet song of the Side and faery music that had been left them and next morning brother Mocha o Mog went to Loch Ean, lake of the birds, saw the swans and asked them if they were the children of Lir?

'We are indeed', they answered and the monk brought them to his own dwweling on land.

The birds were then chained.
Aod to Fionnualla and Con to Fiachia and they all lived there at his cell or monastery in peace.

But the king of Connacht, Lairgna m Colman m Cobthac was married to Deuch ingen Fingin. And she was a woman of the south married to a man of the north that Aoife had fortold.

Deuch desired to get possession of these birds and bade her husband to get them for her.

She refused to sleep in his bed until he did so.

Lairgnen sent for the birds but the monk refused him and this angered the king and he Himself went to Moca o Mog's residence and took hold of the birds, 2 in each hand.
But when he grasped them the bird feathers flew away and he held in his two hands wrinkled old men and one women having in them neither blood or flesh and he fled in fear.

Fionnualla asked for baptism for she understood they were to die now and she prepared for a grave for them.

She to be placed between the twin brothers, Conn and Fiacra and her own brother on top of her between her arms.

They were baptised and died and and a stone place over them in ogam.

Perhaps the dolman of poulnaBrone at the Burran, still mysterious to the visitor and occupants of the island today.

A statue of the chldren of Lir is placed on upper OConnell St at Dorsey road in the Garden of Remembrance where today there are many protestors and assemblies in informal understandings as they once gathered under noble rulers and inaguarated kings at the hill of Tara.

And so verification of 1000 years of rule in Erinn by the tuat de Danan tribe breathe of the Danu.

* The 'cota' were archers.
Eibear S'cota would mean Top archers -very skilled. [Aubar S'cota]
The Welsh were Archers

Judi Donnelly
copyright December 17 2010

sourse:
my notes from Gabala, Book of Invasions and Lady Gregory,Irish Mythology, Bounty Books, 2004 from her original collection Gods and Fighting Men, Murray Publishers ,London ,1902

FROM THE SAGA TOT HE BARDS

FROM THE SAGAS TO THE BARDS

Where Cian the son of Dian Cetch mic Esric finds Eithne of the Fomoire Balar and with the arrival of Lugh begins an Irish history in the north, of the child born from Fomoire and part Danannan and part Fir Builge through his great grandmother Dela.

we have also his cousin from his grandfather Esric, brothers Elathon and Bres. All 3 sons of Dela.

These being Angus of Dagda and Mananan m Aloid as well as Buidi Derg m Eocaid ,grandson of Bres.
All of these people or personifications begin about 1500 BC.

The Buide Dearg m Eocaid m Duac Teasmair mac Bress is a derbfine giving us 4 generations where the others present only 3 and this date of 1500 BC just before the Mili from Espainia /Gallicia ,the children of Fenius Fairsaid.

Niul was taniste to Fenius and was also his son thus the sil or seed of Cinthia which introduced a Scynthian line of Soutwest Russia.
These people were allegedly decended from Noah of the Flood.
The Japhet [Iapet] in the 5th generation.

Niul and sometimes written Neill m Finusa m Ba-ath m Magog M Japhet m Noa.

This fellow, Niul of Cinthia ,was quite a solder.
He served the pharoah Cincris, king of Egypt of the tribe of Cris his soldiers and kinsmen.

As they fought with Faraos army, Niul became a favorite and hero.
He was rewarded with the Pharaohs daughter Cota.

The seed of Cota[ archers] and he Niul of the sil Cinthia.
This s'cota daugther of Cincris,coupling with Niul had a son called Gaedeal [gaydaul].

Feinius Farsaid king of Citia was his grandfather.
His mother daughter of the Farao of Egypt.

At the time 242 years after the great flood, by hebrew cronology some 72 tribal languages were spoken on 3 continents Asia, Africa and Europe.

Niul took 7 years to learn these world languages and than returned to Citia[citee] with his father Feini Fearsaid a grandson of Nimrod called Nion MAC Beil[ nUN mac Ba al] King of the world.

Feinius Fearsaid had stayed 20 years at the language school at the tower of Babel of Nimrod which was constucted to protect against a second flood as an archive for math formulas and science.

The 72 languages renamed with Eibear m Saile [Abaur m Sele] the plain of Seanair [Sauner].
To be left to the Eabra [Hebrew] speakers.

The Greeks, the Jews and the Russians wrote their alphabets of the h Eabra, the Greek ,and the Latin and the languages were divided into 5

1 Bearla na Feine of Citia

2 Bearla na Eadar Searta

3 Bearla na Tibide

4 Bearla na Gnaies

5 Bearla Gaedeal Gaelic

After his marriage and his study of the languages at Nimrods tower of Science, Niul went to S'citia to teach there in the sciences.

At this time Babylon had the division of night and day in hours and knew the position for the North Star which the Greeks got from them and the Greeks got the history from Egypt.

At that time the Nile was called the Furann.

Niuls child by s'cota was born at Campus Cirit on the Red Sea.
This was Gaedeal.
At that time Cincris who was Pharaoh held Isreal in bondage in Egypt. So this was between Joseph and Moses.
This Red sea land was given to Niul and his decendants by Cincris and Gaedil[Gaedeal] had there his son ,Easru and his grandson Sru, grandson of Gaedeal Mic Niul.

The Gaedeal were banished from Egypt by Pharaoh Intuir against their will at the time of Sru and these went to Espania.

He first took his people to old Scitia, than to Crete and finally to Spain.
This occured 15 Pharaohs after the settlement with Niul.

When Brata mic Dealgata went to Espania and at this time, 1080 years after the S'citia, Niul mac Feine Fearsaid had settled at the Red Sea, Galam, called Milid ,the solder, married S'cota 2, daughter of
Nectonibus, than Pharaoh of Egypt.

The s'cota were archers and were called Eibear S'cot[Abar S'cot].

They were expelled from S'citia after Agnon or Agnaman killed their cousin Reafloir who was king of Citia.


He was Aghnaman mic Beodhaman [bodran] mic Easbear S'Cot mic Sru mic Easru mic Gaedeal mic Niul .
6 generations from Niul.

These Gaelil tribes went in 60 ships westward through the narrow sea for the North Ocean, Pontus, to Caronia which is an island and stayed there a year on Sliabe Rife in the Caucusus mountains.

They were 8 generations in Gotia [Gotha] from EibearScot to Brata mac Dealgata of Spain.
From there they went to Spain/ Gallicia and then to Ireland and all this time they were Nomad herders of sheep and cows.

These were the decenadants of Feine Fearsaid ,king of S'Cithia on the east side of the Black Sea .
A place known to the Greeks as Cochis or Crimea and yalta.
Where Jason got his wife Media who, out of jelousy killed his children and this may be the very basis of fosterage amongh the Irish.

Brata of Espania mac Dealgata took wife of the Brigantes and their child was Breogain[ breowen] who married Bile, ingin Nema and that child was Milead [Milaud] called Galam Biscam [ray hand crooked vice], and his child was Eireamon who married Tea daughter of Lugaid m Ith m Brogen of Gallicia.

And so begins the history of the Milisia in Erinn and their conquest of the island from the Dainanan who held it from the Fear Builge who so far achieve the status of the aboriginal peoples.
Children of the AlDaei.

Judi donnelly
copyright 15 december 2010

sourse: My Notes from Ceitinn* Fearsa Forsa, Volume 8 book 1 published in early 1800 AD
no publisher noted in world cat. Probably Royal Irish Society

*He is called Keating in the Anglo and he was part anglo but Cei should be pronounced Catinn as 'ei' is the long A sound.

Tuesday, December 14, 2010

THE EARLIEST RECORDS

THE FIRST RECORDS

In its earliest history the island of Ireland lists occupation by several groups of people who seem obsure.
One of its earliest noted carbon dated constuctions is the round white stone corbelled Bru na Boine on the north side of the Boan River known as the Brug na Boyne or New Grange which has been carbon dated to 2500 BC.

The Myths or story of these times do not identify the buliding of this still solid structure but it does give us a line of desent for a people commanly called the Fir Bolg who are in Irish the Fer Builge.
Listing them as 5 sons of Dela[breath day] which probably is an English shorting for DelaigeNa.
Breath of the weak. Laigin.

These could also translate to Delagene orDeluge --the Flood.

The descent for

Dela

Genann

Ragnaill (Reilly)

Erc

Eocaid (Oced)

These Bolgic or Builccic names apparently were in the island by foot from the time of the flood and were with cattle as they crossed into Ireland on a land bridge with these herds and settled in the Boyne Valley along theRiver.
It may be these Builgig men whose graves adorn the site at new Grange from 2500 or so BC.

Cycles of Clanna ne Meda m Fae Bair Morc m Delaige occupied Dal Raide in Antrim, Rosscommain, Mag Eo [Mayo] Loch Erne and Sleive Bloom [Slabe Blama] fighting the Fo Moir [under great] giants at Tor Coning [Tory island].

there were 3 Sagas of the 'Great Under' FoMoir each one covering a period of some 2 or 300 years.

The Fo Moir are descibed as giants and lead by Bailar[ Belar] the center mouth. BeiMerna
the man of the Bay
who was the eventual progenator of Luig Lamada the Luigne. Later Con macne.
His mother being Cathleen or Ceidlenn
the Cuin Cait Ced [Con Cet Ceth or Ced]

A listing for Cea Sair is made [Causer like Chauser] to be 2375 BC + 2000 AD = 4375 years ago.

The Bru Na Boine was built about 2500 BC + 2000 Ad = 4500 years ago.

Hence Ceasair and her 50 men would have been in Ireland 200 years after the Bru People.
She has a burial place as Carne Ceasire on the Boyle Abainn in the West of Buile River Abbey at N4 near Carrowkeel[ Ceitrun Cele].

Ceat= 4th or quarter
Cele =Beam of the ship
Carrrowkeel the english is in Irish ceatcele.

The keel being also cail, caoil ciol all pronounced the 'ee' in english.
The Keel is the lenthwise beam of the ship on which the rest is built, or the cele.
ceatcele is therefore quarter beam or 4th beam.


Probably Carne G which shows a ray of sunlight on June 21 the Summer solstice when the sun reaches its furthest meridian north as Bru does on 21 December the furthest south solstice.

Cea Sair or Ceser is at Boylen or Builen.

The Next mithe -mide- Saga or myth story related the arrival of Partalon in 2050 BC +2000 years, 4050 years ago, who is listed as buried at Tallacht the lake end of Tal [to yeild] inthe mounds and barrow graves there sust west of Dublin.

There seems to be the 3rd cycle or saga of Formoir which is an era between Ceasair and Partalon, a sept of Me Midi.

par=paper
Tha= Ta or Da orThane or Dane

It is the paper Danainn or De Danann [breathe of the Dain or den]
de Dainain [Denen].

The Sa Ga[thrust of the Ray].

As Delagena is the survivor The deluge

These Fir Builge would be part of the Noah Saga in the Bible which lists Sem, Am , IaPet.

The geinasin which is the sound of cattle produced the Ragnall Nealle The Reg Nealle who produced the Erc the Earcaig orEarcagh [recruit] and he the father of Eocaid OCed the last king of the Fer Builge.

The first Fomoir Saga [Cical] lists 325 years from Ceasair to Partalon.
350 years from Partalon to Ne Midi

325 years
350 years
375 years after the flood

the 3rd cycle of Partalon is 325 years for a total of 700 years the island was occupied and settled after the Great Flood.
All 3 Fomoir cycles occured after the Deluge and took about 700 years for the settlements.

The Ne Mide were a sept of Partalon Claunn and were supreme in Ireland with the Fer Builge on the Boan Anbair under Macada the war goddess.
There story in the 3rd 'Great Under' Formoir Saga.

The 4th Saga is the story [Midi] of the Tuatha Danain who under NuaDa conquered the Fir Builge king ,mac Erc, father of OCed [Eocaid], grandson of Ced of Cuin Cait Ced [Con Cet Ceth]

Na toota Danair[ Danair the Tuatha Danen too it is Danen] .
withthe battle of Tailten Nuada defeated and killed Erc the Fir Builge Ri With his champion Dagda.

Dagdas skilled young grandson Angus son of Ogma m Dagda, took control of Bru na Boyne his House of Love where he erects a wooden palace constucted on the roof area of this tumulus.

At this point aound 1500 BC or so another link is given for Dela:

ALL DAEI

INDAEI

NEID

DELA

ELATHAN ESRIC BRES

DAGDA ALLOID DIAN CECT DUAC TEAMAR

ANGUS OG MANANAIN CIAN* EOCAID
1500 BC
=EITHNE+ OF TUIREEN
LUG

LU LAM FADA BUIDE DEARG
[Luigne Corca] [Gailtee Mts LochDearg] Ley Ney 1500BC
1500 BC

*Lug m Cian m Scal Balb interprests to be;

Scaol=panic, fright
Balb= dumb ,mute, without word

cian= distant, long view ,sadness

Lug to collapse ,or Luige ,to lie down
LugAid= lie down purpose

[In panic and fright without words creates distant sadness]

+Eith ne= child kernall or nucleus

Ith= eat not hunger 'I' can be pronounced 'e 'sound eta or Eth
Eithne the eating child.
Na Cab= mounth
Cabaiste[ Cabish te]= warm cabbage

Eite = wing
warm wing eaten

In interpreting the words from the gaelic spelling they become not exactly a geneological entry but a word view remembrance personified.
This custom of personification of forces of nature and creation are charateristic of all pre flood cultures.
The Irish therfore in discrbing Balar= was center to Cian a long view, to Lugaid a purpose of lying down ,actually develope an awarness of procreation to human form from the forces of nature , space and time.
These procreative processes from the wheel of life where the forces become human and procreate over time, an' Am , their driving force to be warm ,to eat, to speak. to be as they are.


These geneologys show the melding of the Fir Builge* and the Danain from the All DAEI [da ay ,Dauay, daufinn]

Delas child Elatan produces through Eocaid M Bres, Buide Dearg these the dukes of Teamair[Tara]

His brother Esric via Cian m Diancech produces Lu lamFada the Corca Luigne Leyney or Conmacne.

By 1500 BC persons are ,

1. Buide Dearg maic moir Bres

2. Lub lamfada maic mor Eseric

3. Angus Og and Mananann these reflecting the 3rd generation from Elatain at the same era, 1500 BC.

These 4 Sagas are created before the coming of the Milisian from Espainia Eiremon and Ebair about 1400 BC.

The Mili cycle of history begins with the Bardic order and is now discribed as the various cycles the Finn Cycle and others .
These historical cycles were sung and in poetic style and some can be found in the Duanaire today.

the Saga reflect an era from,

2500 BC New Grange
1400 BC Mili

1100 years covering 4 tribes
[the consistancey of 300 and 900 years reflects these tribes]

of recorded genetic listings of the island emphasising 4 separate tribes [tua]

Ceasair Quay sardine

Partalon paper it is bird

Nemide/Fir Builge children of the Saga

De Dainain breathe of the Danes


* 'Bui' [Boy] also hold the meaning of thankful or grate-ful as well as the color yellow both may be related to teh landing on a safe isladn from the gret Deluge

Judi Donnelly
copyright 9 December 2010

Sourse:
The kingship and Landscape of Tara, Edel Breathnach, no date of publication or publisher
Erins Blood Royal: the Gaelic noble Dynasties of Ireland, Peter Ellis, 2002, no publisher noted

My notes taken but not in order.

Friday, November 19, 2010

THE LAST RUN

THE LAST RUN


All the day the snow it come
Than the wind began its hum,
Building drifts and pilin' snow
Higher, higher did it go;

By the nite, it never quit,
Pilin' driftin',bit by bit,
A foot or two or three or four
Or where there's driftin' even more.

Guess she's quitin', lettin'up!
Time to go and get her wupped
Sure looks like a bad un pup,
Says the driver, 'fore he goes
Out to battle off the snows.

Emmett, man, the roads are bad!
Bad, as bad we ever had,
Naw! Why I remmber when-
Back when I wsd 9 or 10-

Emmett!n take ol' 38
Com'on. Lets go. Its gettin' late.
Sure can't let them people wait.
Mark your time. Say! Whats the date?

Whats the trouble Won't she start?
Yeh, Yeh, Yeh- Just shake that part
She's an old girl-
One more whirl-

There she goes! Good Ol'Truck
All it takes-a bit a' luck;
Let her rattle there a sec,
Damn! She sure is a wreck!

A good 'un though- I'll tell you that;
Emmett gave his truck a pat,
Dropping down a monstrous plow
Rivited across her bow,

Out into the drifting snow
Slowly out the truck did go,
Black and grizzly- creaking woe-
Sort of funny too, you know

Like a dragon through the deep,
Slowly lining snow a heap;
Up and down the flats and hills
Clanking,banging, through these ills,

Through the rising of the sun,
Taking each road one by one,
Till each tiny place be done,
And the total battle won.

Well, let' get her up that route,
That's the last one just about;
Sometimes bad up at the crossing,
If the road has got some glossing;

Slowly climbing up the crest,
Clinking, clanging at its best;
Here she comes- The big old plow-
We'll all be getting out soon now.

Emmett, man, its bad up here,
I think this road will cost us dear;
Naw- she'll make it this old girl;
To and frow the snow did hurl.

On and on, through the drifts.
Digging out the trailing rifts,
Engine buzzing, huming still,
Going on with gut and will;

Purring, growling, coughing, howling,
Like a snow beast hungry prowling,
Rolling on a ceaseless prowing,
Never to its foe allowing,

Peace or rest or silent blowing,
Not while '38 was going.
Emmett--Looky , There's the line
Sure she's plowed a road behind.

What the hell--
Whats that smell?
Gosh I think she's goin' to blow!
Emmett, jump! Get out! Let's go!

Surely rests a blacken'd hulk
Doors askew- A weightless bulk
Resting in the snow to sulk

'38 just sort of died;
Still full of heart,and full of pride
Somehow made her last great ride.

By her bottom did she go
Back down the road, down through the snow;
Through the town, her doors askew
As if telling me and you

That her very life was done,
That her battle had been won,
That this was her last, last run.


Judi Donnelly

copyright 1971
Dundee NY

written at the dining table watching the old plow go back down the road

Monday, November 15, 2010

Aileach the Ancient Fort

AILEACH THE ANCIENT RING FORT


Long before the coming of the Milisian soldiers at about 1400 BC and perhaps even before the 1000 year reign of the Dananans of Bamba, Fodla and Erie, the 3 De Dananan Queens of Ireland, a people there settled who cleared 4 plains and built 4 ring forts on each section of the island country.
This discribed in the mythology as ordered done by one of the ancient kings.
These round stone forts were constructed overlooking the sea one hills which could hold at the ready troops and livelyhoods as well as a palace built of wood for the ruler in chief.


Aileach represents one such fort viewing the north sea the loch of Suillia and Loch Foyle toward Derry.

There was probably one at Kerry near those shores, Sliabe Lochra Perhaps, which was able to sweep the south Atlantic 5 fingers .

Another at Laigen and one surveying the Irish and channel sea, perhaps at Ben Edair.

But the British tore apart a ring fort just south of Dublin during their occupation and this perhaps was surveying the channel sea ,now St Georges, as well as a ship entry along the south Atlantic which ajoins Wales closely as does the north of Ulster, Scotland.

None of these forts reamin today but Aileach [ai= his, le=soldier, ach= agreement, his soldiers agreement]
except fora seemingly inland ring fort wall at Casiel built in the same style and perhaps one at Carlow seen on a hilltop from the busras, surveying the land itself.

The Aileach fort is built on a 2 mile high hill quite visable from road N 13 and the Irish Gaelic church below.

The hill itself is devoid of farms, life, cattle, sheep, trees or other indictions of mans former inhabitants and little is known about it except a Monument plaque before its once gated entrance which advises any stark tourist it was rebuilt with stones more modern after it was disassembled in 1103 by Muircheartach O Brien who came with his army and defeated the then weak holders and ordered his men to each carry away a stone from the structure to Kin Cara as the O Neill previously had come down to Mumna and distroyed the OBrien inaguaration tree, totally uprooting it.

These trees were considered sacred in old Ireland and they are vested with a spirit of their own when you see one.

By this 1103 distruction the O Neill had moved their headquarters from Inis Owen and Aileach fort for Dungannon in Tyrone where they occupied the entire county as well as their original lands of Inis Eogain.
Tir Eogain , the cinel had been defeated by the O Donnells of Donegal.

The earliest recording of this Aileach ring fort rests with the mythological construction around a tullach grave of a local prince who had been killed by a husband who was jeleous of his attentions to the wife.

This prince was buried after a search for a slab to bury him on just his size and one was finally found on the strand just below a hill where the tumulus was constucted and the prince's body laid within it.
A cap stone being placed over the corrbelled underground structure. Later the king ,his father, ordered the ring fort built around it.

It is again marked out in history as the home of the Dagda the Dananan champion where he lived with his army brethern close at hand.

Dagda then lived at the Brug na Boine and gave this over, or it was confiscated by his son Aengus, the god of love.

New Grange itself may have been a ring fort once but it is carbon dated at 2500 BC +2000 AD which makes it much older than the Dananan civililized order and it has long been thought of as a creamatorium and burial site surrounded by grass roofed tumulii to underground burial plots belonging to prominent families.

After Dagda is defeated and The Battles of Tailtean and Nuada of the Silver Hand and Loch Arrow have fallen into the forgetfulness of time the fort falls to the control of the new occupiers, the army of Mili and Eriemon and his decendants all on the Milisian kings list ,where it recieves little attention.

It had been there for a long time till it is visited by St Patrick in 435 AD or so when he makes a conversion of the O Neill, the king of Aileach, and hence leaves there his own personal flagstone within the fort, which was gated ,guarded and much used at that time.

The O Neill however lived in a wooden palace outside the ring fort
this being used for gathering of the clanns ,elections and chief militry training session and other events.

However that flagstone may very well be the monument in gaelic at the entrance to this modern constucted gaelic church at the south foot of the hill all decorated in gaelic and occupied by father Michael and his cat.
Just 1/2 mile nothwest of the Grianne Hotel, a first class reasonable shelter on the bus line of Northwest lines making a daily run around Inis Owen from Letterkenny and it is not far from a tour of the nearby O Doucherty Castle and St Columbas Cathederal.

A little settlement caled Burt occupies an area down the road on the N 13 all of which sports a petrol station and a few small stores.
I didnt see if any one lives there the bus does not ordinarly stop at Burt.

This fort was occupied and extant in the day of Niall Caille mac Aeda Oirdnide O Neill .
Niall Caille was killed at the Battle of Leth in Chaim in 844.

He was king from 832 to his death by drowning while on this expedition when he attempted to rescue one of his soldiers who had fallen into the swollen river and the bank gave way under his horse drowning both king and soldier.

He died there in Armagh and is buried there about 1/2 mile southeast of Armagh city at the Hill of the Monks where it is reputed all 6 counties in the north of Ireland can be seen .

The site is hardly found today covered in weed and fallen down signs and desolate areas suitable for young walkers to find this place on a nice summer day.

Niall had a son Aeda Finnliath or Leath who begain his career as king of Aileach fighting the viking Norse who were making periodic raids from the north sea entrances.

Aeda had 2 sons of note, Donnell or Domnaill by his Irish wife a daughter of the king of Ulaid [the territory east of the Bann river and the loch Neagh now called Antrim and Down].

A second son called Niall glundub by his second wife, a Scot girl called Moreen the daugher of the Scots king Kenneth M Alpine.
She is the mother of Niall of the Black Knee and the line of the O Neills.

His elder brother Donnell also called Daniel was the tigerna of Aileach and its solders after the peaceful death of his father Aeda Finnleath in 879 Ad.
Daniel mac Finnleath was called Domnaill M Hugh and his brother Niall m Hugh.

This Domnaill, son of Aed [Hugh] mac Hugh was ruler of Aileach in 906 and his younger brother was king of Cuise, or 1/5 of Ireland.

This brother Niall, taking issue with Daniel mac Hugh over rulership of Aileach and Inis Eogain.

However the clann Eogain of Inis owen interfered and made peace between the two.

Domnaill mac Hugh taking up the cross of religion and becoming a pilgrim.
He was old and died in religion in 911 AD.

Daniel mac Finnleath also had a duaghter[ Ingen] Maran who married Jefry Uomora and a son called Feargal who was king of Ochla.
This king was a brother of the Ua Thmaran, the ingen who had a son called Sic Fraid, a Norse name.

Both his brother and his grandson, Fergal, is titled tigerna of North and Domnaill mic Hugh is also listed as ruler of Aileach from 906 when his grandfather was displaced by Niall.

Apparently an agreement was made by the Cinel Eogain to keep the peace betwen the decendants of Domnaill and Niall.

Mic Donnaill the grandson of Aed Finnleath went on to sire Muireadach steward of St Patrick and Abbot of Ard Macha [Abbots are and were inherited by the same families].

He was also Abbot of Mainstreach Buite in Louth, an inherited position and his brother Donnchada [battle cheif] from whom the Dongailles took their surname.

Niall glundub mac Hugh fathered Connaing and Muirceartach of the Leather cloaks who defeated the Norse at Claun na gCruimthe in 924 AD.

All of these men were O Neill rulers of Focla the north and they controled all of Ulster.

Aileach is listed as being ruled by Feargal and his son MaoilDuin as early as 718 AD.

Niall Frossach of the 3 showers of Wheat, honey and Silver, was the father of Aed Oirdnide which means Aed the Ordained.
The first king of Ireland to be ordained and blessed by the Catholic church prtelates.
He was known as the Dignified and was king for 27 years from 794-821 AD.

Niall Frossach O Neill, his father abdicated the kingship and took up a monastici life.
He died at Iona in 786 AD.

Niall Caille mac Oirdnide O Neill or of the Clann Neill was king for 14 years and was drowned in the river Callan.
Allegedly in Munster but other records indicate he was on a campaign in Ulster near Armagh and a river Callan peacefully flows round that village town.

This drowning followed the Cath [battle] do Leith Chaim attempting to rescue one of his soldiers from the flooding river when the bank gave way under his horse and both soldier and king were lost to the flood.

King Oirdnide was killed at Atha Ferta by Maoil ONeill in Louth during his viking raid there.
He is buried in Louth.
He had married Gormfliath ,ingen do Donnchaid Midi[Meath] who bore him the daughter Eithne and Aed Finnleath King of Aileach.

As relayed earlier, Niall was given a heros burial at the Hill of the Monks in Armagh where he could view the Province of Ulster, now the 6 counties of the North.

In Niall Caille's time 66 viking ships appeared at loch Swilly and his son Aod Finnliath was well occupied fighting the Norse in the north, Focla, his territory, and also at Dublin bay where the Norse establised a colony at Ath Cliath.

His son Niall Glundub was elected Ard Ri after he deposed his brother as Lord of Aileach in 906 and took command of that Army .
He became Ard Ri in 915 and fought the viking at the Battle of Island Bridge at Cnucha where he was wounded. He died at Dublin on October 17, 919, Killed by the Norse Chief Sitric.

He left two sons Muircheartach of the Leather Cloaks and Connaing.

His son was grandson of Feargal Mac Donnail Lord of the north.

Muircheartac Mac Niall the O Neill continued to rule Erinn as Ard Ri and the O Neill retained that high office for 2 1/2 centuries , continuing from Muirchearetach through 1150 when an O Connor became king, Ruidri O Concobar who was displaced in 1169 by Henry II and the Norman conquest.
The last Ard Ri of old Erinn to rule as High King.

In 931 the battle of Loch Ectach was fought between Connaing Mic Niall vs Godfrey and his son Amlaeib of the Norse.
1200 were killed.

But in 937 the Norse Gallaib captured Fort Aileach and its chief Muircheartach was taken prisoner by the Norse.

Muir=sea
cear= can be anthing from a hen to a tradesman
tac is a supporter.
So Muir cear tac would probably mean a sea trade supporter.

However he was king of all Ireland and was not held by the Norse who than occupied the fort hill territory of Aileach.
But in 938 Muircheartch killed Niall O Neill mac Fergal mac Domnaill, the rigdamna


By 939 Muircheartach of the leather cloaks, son of Niall Glundub mac Aed FinnLeath still holding lordship of Aileach or Oileach and the Focla [North] made a circuit of Erinn with the Cinel Eogain [Inis owen] whence he took Sitric the Dane of Dublin hostage; Lorcan the provincial ruler of Laigen [Leinster];
Ceallachan of Munster; Concobar [Conor] mic Tadg, king of Connacht and kept all of them hostages at Aileach for 9 months.

This would indicate his militray might and ability to hold both the fort with the Danes and all of Ireland under his control.

He than sent them to Donnchada the son of Domniall mic Hugh Ard Ri of Erinn.
The first indication of a shared rule between the 2 O Neill branches.
decended from Niall Caille mac Aed Oirdnide.

As Aed had accepted the ordination of the Bishops it is proabable that his successors did the same and hence the high kings of Ireland were accepted and ordained and blessed by the than powerful Catholic Church which at that time hdd over 200 full time monastery in Ireland.

Most of the Order of St Patrick and most of them holding secular and religious schools teaching latin ,theology, rudimenatary science, and the old bardic mythology and history of Ireland, as well as the reformed Brehon laws updated by St Patricks own Commission.

Ireland at this time was not persecuted by outside forces nor deprived of livelihood nor did it have an isolates state from the rest of Europe having sent out its own prelates and mininsters as far as the Ukraine.

Many of its notworthy bishops were trained in the monastic schools of Erinn and then sent to Rome where they were ordained and finally many of the Irish Aristocracy took the cross as pilgrims and made pilgramages to Rome.

This including some of its noted warriors and champions and those eligible by birth to hold the ard ri or provincial kingships.

The Irish Aristocracy was never deprived of position or education or inclusion in leadership posts, church or secular, till the coming of the Plantation with the English and Scots when they were totally austazised from any position of note ,forbiden to work, sent to Connacht or Hell or put to emmigration over starvation and deprivation.

Those who were able to leave the island were accepted by European Society and did well in Europes Armys and social /economic structures.

Those who stayed bacame less than peasants in the Irish society but were still secretly honored by their own people and tuaths as roydamnas, chiefs, and rulers.
There homes only being left with small gatherings of tribute at their humble cottages and formation of societies to uphold the old Gaelic Order as best they could.

Many of these exnobles kept the old records intact and were able to secure them in continental cathderal librarys.

Some simply decended to their trusted seconds when they died, falling into the hands of peasants who could neither read nor write and had only the old folk tales to rely on for their past history.
These told by seanaches coming about on cold winter nights and always welcome at the cottage fireside with hot tody after a good meal, what neighbors could be gathered and soft bed for a night or two.

The manuscripts or books and librarys in the possession of the several monasterys were treated with great disrespect by the viking raiders and many of the librarys completly tossed into the various lakes and rivers.
The ink erassing from them thereto and the sheepskin parchaments being drowned and dismembered.
Perhaps some of the fragments now found in the Oxford Bodelian and other collections.

In 939 as if the good fairys decried the great loss of knowledge all the rivers and lakes of Ireland froze solid and that year was exceptionally cold.

Many of these peasant preserved sacred books and geneologys were sold to the Assendancy bighouse during and just after the famine for a few pence to buy bread and these became the curiosity of those Lords towards decifering the old Irish whom they knew so little about.

The clachan theory ,the togetherness of the clann still holding firm as it does this day amongst the native population.

Much of this work was placed in the hands of the Royal Irish Academy or Trinity College Library where it remains untranslated and unstudied. Why?

AILEACH PAGE 2

In that year Mael Runaid tanist to Muircheartach was killed by Clann Conaill and the records are confused for 20 years .
He is listed as dying in 941 as well.

He was succeeded by his son Maoilseachniall Mor in 979 AD who was king when Brian Boruma displaced him in 1002.

Maoil was known as Malachy 2 and was able to reclaim Ard Ri kingship after Brain was killed by Broeder at the great battle of Atha Cliath which distroyed the Norse holding over Ireland.

During the 20 year period when Muircheartch O Neill held all Ireland his son Flann Sinna became king and his two grandsons were Domnaill and MUireachdach.

Muireardach ,inheritor patron of the sea, became bishop of Kildare founded by St Brigit after the time of st Patrick.
He died in 985 Ad.

His cousin or brother Donnchada [battle chief] had a grandson called Domniall whose grandson was Mael Sechlainn Mor also called Moyleseach.
Ard Ri for 24 years from 979 till 1003 when he willing gave he throne of Teamair to the Munster chief Brian Boruma and resumed the post of king of Ireland after Brian was killed in 1014 by the Norse.
Where he reigned peacefully till he died in 1022 AD.

In 952 Domnaill Mic Muircheartach was chief of the Aileach and with the clann Eogain he plundered Brega on the east coast just south of the river Boyne and the Norse rulers of the fort were his allys and consented to this expedition on the other end of the island.

By 955 Domnaill mic* Muircheartach was crowned Ard Ri of Erinn, which the O Neills continued in this dominant roll over the entire island.

By 960 Conor O Neill had become chief of Aileach and its hill of soldiers, children ,sheep, cattle and the Norse/Irish contingent later called the Hiber/Norse, these the children of the union between Irish and Scot natives with the not bad looking redish haired Norwegian soldiers.

Conors son Flaithbertach, which means prince the bar supporter, and perhaps prince of a young heifer cow was roydaman but
Flaithbertach was killed on a prey of Ulaid and a period of unrest followed after Daniel mac Congalach killed his brother Muircheaertach 2 and in 963 took his army into Connacht. But by 965 he was killed by Leath Glinne.

Mainstreach Buithe in Bregia [Louth or Lug] was plundered by Domnaill Ard Ri of Erinn who was the father of Muircheartach 3 O Neill, Lord of Aileach.

AFTER IN 968 the Buite monsastery was occupied by the Norse and the monsastery and its records burned[a tragic loss to Ireland as the old monastary was established by St Patrick].
300 were killed in this raid lead by Daniel the Ard Ri.

By 971 the Battle of Ceis Corran was foughtg near Sligeach and Dun Clothige, Magera near Derry.

By 975 the Dal Cais had come into prominance and Brian Cinneidig fought the Cath Bealach wiith Maoil Muard of Des Mumna [south Munster].

By 977 the battle of Teamair was fough at Tara.

By 987 Saxon, Welsh and Irish were at each others throats in Erinn.

Hurricane winds beset the island and the cows were dying of moylegarb.

Muldory was tigerna of Cinel Conaill and in 990 O Dungailaigh, tigerna of Muscraige in Tipperary was killed.
The ua Dungailaige are o Donnelly

By 991 Aed mic Domnaill, king of Eogain was given Tyrone barony by Muirecan.
From Strabain to loch Neagh - and the fort of the hill was abandoned for the luch tige[food house] on the plain of Tir Owen where the o Neills established themselves at Dungannon.

In 993 Aed mac Dubgaill mac Donnchada o Neill was heir to Oileach and Ard Macha was distroyed by lightning.

In 1000 AD Feargaill m Conaing was tigerna of Aileach and the Bridge at Athlone ws built over the Shannon river.

Ath Liag being the castle home of the o Connor Donn of Connacht.

In 1031 Tadg Ua Ceallaig [Kelly] was killed by the men of Tethba, the Donngaille and Inis Owen was plundered by Flaithbertac o Neill [Flaherty an Trostain] ,
lord of Aileach.

In 1034 Gilla Padraig ua Flannagain was lord of Tethba.

In 1038 a war was held between France and England and the following year
Bishop MaicNia, comarba of Mainstreach Buite died.

A comarba was an inherited position threfore as Abbot /Bishop the man was related to the St Patrick Stewardship family as well as being consecrated a bishop of the Chuch by Rome.

In 1043 Cinel Conell of Donegal defeated Cinel Eogain and in 1044 Nial mic Maoilseachlain was lord of Aileach .
He the son of Lochlainn.

A slaughter of Tethba and Conmaicne was made by the men of Meath.

In 1045 a great snow fell over Ireland beautifying and covering its sins by a white blanket.

In 1050 maic Louchlainn was the senoir branch of the o Neills superceeding both the Domnaill branch and the Nial glunddub decendants.

By 1054 Aed o Neill, heir of Aileach ,grandson of Feaegal M Conaing Mac Nial O Neill ws killed by the Airgialla and Fermanagh.
He was lord of Cinel Owen and Tealach Og.

In 1056 Flann Mainstreach, sage of 3 lands, died on 14 December at Mainstreach Buite in Lug or, Louth, Bregia.

By 1063 Ardgar twin of Achu was roydamna of Oileach and he and his brother stuck down Nial Mc Louchlainn to inherit this hill of soldiers.

By 1066 the Battle of Hastings was being fought in England by William the Conquer which changed the fate of the entire region of the north island and in 1067 Echtigern Mic Flann Mainstreach Buite died.

In Tyrone county the Battle of Saithbe, Desert Creat, took place at Dungannon and by 1094 Domnaill mc Loughlain was rightful king of Aileach and the Clann O Neill.

In 1000 Donnell Lochlainn king of Aileach distoyed the O Briain sacred tree at Kin Cora and in return Muircheartac O Brien went with his army plundered Tir Owen [Inis owen], broke down Aileach fort ordering his army to carrry away the wall stones.

He gave Cashel to the Church, distoyed all towns, churches, forts at inis Eogain and the O Neill were content to stay at the new found home in Tyrone and to be inagurated at Tulach Og overlooking the luch tige from Loch Neagh west to Strabain.

In 1107 Domnaill m Lochlainn took 300 prisoners to Aileach fort from Connacht which he had raided previously from Tuam to Derry to Loch Neagh.

In 1111 Tulach Og trees were cut down by Ulaid, east of Loch Neagh now Antrim and Down, but a peace was struck between Ulaid and Ailech and in
1113 Nial Ua Lochlainn allied with Connail and Oriel took Glen Righe and divided Ulidia .
He kept Dal Araide lands and Ui Eachdach for himself and the Ui Loingsigh were Lords of Dal Araidne.

By 1120 Ardgar mc Loughlainn was elected or made himself king of Ireland and he was prince of Aileach.

He was high king for 27 years till 1147.

In 1122 Turlough O Conner, a tyrant in his own right, was chosen king of Ireland.
Rory his son was made king of Ireland Ruaidri after the death of Muircheartach O Louchlainn O Neill.

After the Norman invasaion in 1169 the old fort fell into further ruin and was later occupied in the 14 century by galloglass troops brought in by the O Donnells to uphold the right of the Irish to keep their own lands and princely heritage.

The history of this ancient ring fort was forgotten by the church and the locals and was only rescued in the 19th century by volunteers trying to locate its past and rebuil its shattered walls.

The lost history of this ancient hill top ring fort overlooking the lochs and north sea , built at least 3400 years ago and before that. Lives consigned in this misty fogs of Irleland.
Rearing over the desolate lands below.
Not a tree or a bird or a bugle or a brata [standard bearer].

Its new found name the graine a grain of salt, or grianna of the sun, resting its open gate before its wide road accompanied by a hill top bog and tendered laconically by the Monuments Commission and the department of Archeology of the Republic of Ireland.

These modern watchmen have not done justice to its once illustrious state of the soldiers agreement in his hunt of life and vitality, wooden booths, music, sound and great historic personlitys beyond the Dananan champion ,Dagda and his son Aengus ,god of love, down through the holdings of the O Donnells and the scots axmen.

Now a graveyard of spirits and ghoasts calling into its silence from within the shealved seats.
Clanns along the mighty walls and the center flagstone shinning in the drizzle which may be the flagsone of St Patrick or the cap stone of a mythological grave of the prince buried there for his love of a woman.

And one can sense the ghoasts of guards standing at the assembly.
Their spears erect while the Chief gave his lesson or speech or tried to convince his clanns the rights and justice of his cause.


The new found future of Ireland today does not do justice to this ancient site visited occationally as a pass by to the further down Doucherty Castle at Burt by a tour bus from Derry in the north and that to encourage useage of the Grianna hotel.

Or by the local parishiners of the gaelic church of Father Michael and his cat to hear the Mass said once more in the Gaelic.



Mo fearfaire ar na cnoc

My Wathman on the hill

*the use mac=son
mic=grandson
maic= one of the sons



Judi Donnelly
copyright 13 November 2010

sourse: My Notes. Probably Fearsa Forsa or the 4.
somewhere in the past. Did not note it.

Thursday, November 4, 2010

geneology st Patrick

GENEOLOGY DO PATRICK



MAIC NOE

MAIC IAFETH

MAIC MAGOTH

MAIC FATECHT

MAIC BRAIMIND

MAIC ESRU BIBLICAL ENTRY THE DEFEAT OF MELIUS BY ESRU-- HE TO SPAIN GALICIA

MAIC SRU

MAIC SERA

MAIC THAIT

MAIC PHAIM [FAIM]

MAIC AGNOMAIN

MAIC NEMID [BALLYMOTE ENDS WITH]

Maic FEARGUSA LETHDEIRG [1/2 RED]

MAIC BRETNAIG
=BRITI FILII ALANI de semine IAFETH [Japhet in Europe Am Venit]
MAIC BRITANI

MAIC FERINI

MAIC PHILISTI [PHILISTI NE] FILISTI

MAIC CENCRETI

MAIC MAXIMA [MAC SIMA]

MAIC LEO

MAIC OIRC [EIRC] ERC

MAIC MURIC

MAIC OTA

MAIC LEO CORNUITH

MAIC ODISI

MAIC FOTAIDE

MAC CALPRAIND =27 derb fines 2700 years

MAIC SUCAIT [PATRICK GRANDSON OF ] -380 AD Born
=2370 BC
time of NOE and the Great Flood



Posted by
Judi Donnelly
copyright 2 November 2010


sourse:
Ireland Its Saints and Scolars, JM Flood, Kennicat Press, Port Washington NY/London, 1918, 1970

Thursday, October 28, 2010

Finding Irish records and hope

Locating Irish Records

One of the great gaps in recovering Irish history , geneology or economys are the number of missing records kept by the local provincial leaders and chieftains and monastarys established from 432 AD under St Patrick and later replaced by Cathederal diocese from the continental orders.
Most of these records were kept by the Ollam [professors] and the Bardic Order.
In the era of the Ard Ri and the yearly pre Halloween Assembly at Tara Hill to transact Irelands business ,legislative, legal and judicial, which was offically shut down in 550 or so AD when Tara was cursed by the cleric Rodan.

All Souls Day is the last quarter day of the year depicting that the winter solstice will occur some 50 days later.
It is the offical Irish beginning of winter.
Time to get the cattle down from the mountain pastures, kindle the hearth fire,stock in turf supplies from the bogs, and see to it that all inthe community are safe and secure in comfortable thatched cabin with enough food, meat and milk, and butter to see the family[fine] through the period of darkness and ice.

As Ireland is 15 degrees north from the US generally, it gets dark earlier in the day 4PM and does not get lite again till late in the morning in winter.

The Tara palace was filed with stone and rubble after the church cursing and was set afire.
When it was burning it was covered with dirt and rock building a mound which is still there with a mote around it.

The Cronicles of the Kingdom of Ireland disapeared.
The Ptsalter of Cashel of the kings disapeared.
The lebair of MoinsterBoice Abby of Louth disapeared.

The old Brehon Law was codified by St Patrick and a panal of ollams judges and legal experts and consepts foreign to Christain catholizism of that era 450 AD were purged.

HOwever Scoil, school, usually training the Irish noblise to prepare for the clerical positions
[Abbyships were inherited by clann but bishoprics and priestshoods were open to those qualified].

Patrick established the old school at Armagh in 450 or 457 AD
which taught secular subjects and having several foreign students such as the trian saxon or saxon third- many geramn students came there to study as well as saxons from England.
Later St Brigit establihsed a school at Kildare a center of religion and learning.

The school of Clonad was established by St Finnian,[the famous ruler of Columb cilles copyied book,

['To every cow belongs her calf.'] in 520 AD where studied the 12 Apostles of Erinn.
3000 pupils passed through Clonard school.

A school was founded at Moville and a school at Bangor founded by St Comgall.

St Bernard of Clairvaux in France in his time of 1150 or so observed these schools and was in that century a good friend of Irish monks and abbotts and many records were brought to that Abbey in the 10 and 11 Century the peroid fo the viking raids.

Bangor was the scholastic home of Columbanus, St Gall and Dungal the Astronomer, as well as St Malachy II who helped bring the Cathederal Contintal Churchs to Erinn in the 1150s AD.

Claun Maic Nois school was founded by ST Ciaran in 544 AD and was ranked as one of the greatest centers of Learning in Europe.
The oldest Irish church Annal was written at Cluan meic Nois by Tigernach and Suibne.

He was a great master of the sea and assisted king Alfred found the University of Oxford.



St Brendan founded the school of Clonfert in 556 and was Abbot there 20 years training 3000 monks before his famous voyage.

In 635 the School of Lismore was founded and hosted students from Gaul [France] England and Germany.

Schools were also founded at
Aran
Doran
Clonenagh
Cork
Derry
Emly
Glendaluough
Inis fallen
Inis Caltra on loch Derg W
Louth
Kells
Mayo
Murgret
Ross
Tuam

15 plus the above named.

All great schools and many of the lower British nobility flocked over to Ireland to attend these institutions of learning.

The Irish recieved them and took care to suppy them all with daily food without cost and to furnish them with books and teaching free of charge.

[ie not the payback of the hospitality in 1845 by the British and Anglos when the Great Famine occured and 1 million and 1/2 died of starvation, fever and workhouse conditions].

The Irish again continue to feed laid off contintal workers and emigrees by the failure of the European Union at Brussels to modify the exising legislation and leave the small helpless nations unable to return theese persons to their own countries. Out of work , non citizens who are a charge on the Irish government and not self sustaining.
Once again the large continent countries overpower the small principalities and nations of Europe.

Continental students came from the continet to study in the Irish schools from such places as England ,from Germany and Italy*

The Irish schools were both lay and ecclesiastic-the monastary schools- were intended for ecclesiastic studys normaly.

Studies of Scripture and preparation for a cleric life, theology and the clasics.

The Lay scho0ls taught language, literature ,law, and Irish Antiquities.

Although these schools had different missions they also worked together to achieve a rounded education for their students.

Most of the poet, bards, lawyers artists physicians and hisotrians had lay educations which had absorbed the old druid teaching before christainity and these Ollams and professors were the sucessors of the ancient celtic lore of pagan Ireland.

There were 7 stages of education in the Lay Schools.
The 7 degrees of wisdom which correspond withthe term periods of modern Universitys.

In the Bardic schools the course expanded to 12 years and poets must make the 7 kinds of verse and be able to compose in each, extemporaniously,and know by heart 350 legendary poems for Public resitation.
[no wonder the students downsized 6 of these]

Bardic Ollams were left wondering the roads as beggars by 1800.

In 500 at least 1/3 of the men of Irelland were members of the poetic and Bardic order.
An Ollave Brehon or Judge of the High Court
had been educated in a long study course and needed to be conversant in the rule of the Brehon code of Law which regulated almost every human relation and social order in Ireland and extended to subjects modern systems of law do not consern themselves with.

The Brehon Law Code was outlawed by James Stuart I or IV King of England and Scotland by will of Elizabeth I.

He broke the Irish system of law and order, economic control and ownership of the land with the introduction by force of the plantation system and the expultion of Irelands military personell,
leaving the country completely devoid of any control of their own social, political, defence and livelehood which the British government and crown forces are still trying to control particulary in Ulster North Ireland areas.

This colonization again an example of the great and powerful over the small and weak.

Ireland like many small nations states had not enough people or rulers to hold thier good order against an overwehelming flood of outsiders.

There were and still are not enough as them even with the production of 10 or 12 children and the country is also suffering identity nervousness by the absorbtion of Hibernic/Norse from the vickings, Norman/Irish from the Anglo invasion of 1169, English/Irish from the colonazation of 1603 and today, immigration collections from the policy of the EU to allow a nomadic work force to remain in country with out citizenship or status.

This is a poor social policy as well as economic and is causing ethnic problems in Europe as well as America with its undocumented non american workers .

The Irish Americans also suffer an identity crisis as do all the ethnic emigrant group in the new world having been assimlated and dispersed since the end of WW2.

No longer can one stroll into St Pats little church and be instantly in touch withthe ethnic Irish or St Stanisalus Orthodox and be instantly in the sphere of Poland and the east.

In North American the family is also distroyed and over powered by American culture and a loss of a sence of duty within the familys strucure of siblings, parents, nuclear care let alone to extended family gahering.
They know not one another.

In Ireland under the king feis were held for and on behalf of the ollams and allthe lawyers, teachers ,brehons, and poets and bards were invited.

The chief Ollam and poet of Ireland had the seat next the king at table and these men were privilged to wear the colors of the king.

In the school plan by use customary some studnets resided in the school dorms but a majority were housed in the community bullding a small house for themselves and a few comrades.

The poor student often lived with people in the community and were maintained and educated without charge.
A schlarship arrangment as it were.

Some were also housed in a sorority style of wealthier classmates and were allowed housing there in exchange for services and waiting on these students reciving their recompence of shelter, food and chothing.

In some cases the master, the Ollam himself bound a studnt to him and the ownership of sorts made the ollam responsible to feed and clothe him as well as housing and give him instruction without reservation as well as disapline and correction.

The student as bound in return was obligated to helping his master against poverty and provide support in his old age.

Shortly before Finnaghta the Festive came to kingship, he one day was riding in the area of Clonard School with his attendants and a small boy on the road [bothar} was overtaken and the lad stumbled and his jar of milk was broken.
Finnoagta rode on but the boy ran after his horse and got the princes attention who was amused by his troubles face .
But he questioned him in a kindly way for the cause the troubled look. The lad did not know of the high status noble he was speaking to and said,
'Indeed good man' [fir maith]
'I have great cause to be troubled living nearby are 3 noble students and 3 others wait on them of which I am one, and we 3 have in our turn to collect provisions in the neighborhood for all 6 of us.
And all that I obtained today have been lost and I not the means to pay for it.'

Finnagta consoled the young man and assured him his loss would be made good and that he himself would attend to this lads welfare in future.
When Finnagta became king he kept this promice and the young lad was Adamnan who later became Abbot of Iona and wrote the history [Acta Santa] of the great Columb cille, decendant of the Hui Domnaill[O Donnell] of Tir Conail of the north west region of Ireland now known as Donegal.

By the 8-10 century [700-900] much of teh irish knowledge had ben depositteed int monastaorys ont eh continnet due to viking raides.
teh Vikings wer not reespecors of nbooks and tended to throu manuscripts and collections in various Irish lakes wher even if teh paper velum of sheep skin wer recoverd teh ink had been washed away. [ni]

The Ambrosian library at Milan Italy held a collection of
Irish manuscripts in 1918 and also some at Turin and Naples which had been brought there from Bobbio in Lombardy territory north Italy.

Dungal the Astronomer donated collections of books to Bobbio monastary.
St Gall bequethed his collection of Irish books and manuscripts to the Monastary in 841 AD.

Schaffhaven has a manuscript in perfect preservation of Adamnans Life of St Columba which they aquired form the Irish foundation at Reichenau.

Bavaria had a collection of Irish Works
Vienna had Ratisbons MS.
The Royal Library of Brussels contains a large collection of Irish
MS from Louvain France and he list goes on.

Since 1918, when the collections of the continent were listed by JM
Flood in his publication
Ireland ,Its Saints and Scholars, the continent of Europe has experienced 2 great devestating and distructive wars when the Devil possessed their minds and it is not known if any or all these collections have survived or been brought home to Erinn for further study as they should be.

Ireland itself has experienced internal upheavels from 1916 as well as still 80 years after the Easter Rising a divided and volitile country stuggling to enter the modern technological world with limited resourses and much economic stuggle.

As the nation itself is a natural pasture and farm island ,it stuggles to get away from its agriculture past when this is its greatest opportunity as the developed industrial world, as usual, is beset by lack of good food and clean water.
All of which Ireland has in plenty.

If it desired to pursue the sheep and the cows the goats and pigs in the stone fenced pastures of the west and the eternal chickens let out in Ireland by law.
In its rivers and streams and waterfalls and lakes and its croplands of oats, beans, barley for beer and bright yellow fields of grain it well could feed not only its own people wut havea export percentage for European use.

It also regains its natural fishing rights of rivers full of salmon trout and other species unnamable.
Although the major rivers need to be cleaned up if it expects the fish to live amongst them.

The economic value of its nuts, natural to the island ,and its black berrys and other berrys that grow wild along the roadways and stone fences and in the hedgerows of the north; and apples and pears suitable to its climate pose a prospect of cultivaing these crops and orchards for export as well as domestic consumption and Ireland still hysterical over the nice little pocket size lumper potato which makes such tasty potato wedges that could easily be frozen for export and popped in the microwave.
I found this potato a perfect lunch cold or warm with a bit of salt and a sausage and of course the ever present tea.
But to get a person to microwave it OYE VEY! The famine returns.
Ireland also has production of a goodly suppy of cream and butter oportunities as well as other products developed from the milk of cows sheep and goats such as cheeses,ice creams and chocolates.
All of these now being put on export-the old nemesis of Ireland- and processed in other nations thn returned to Irleand at a higher price for its own citizens.

Ireland is tired of cattle droving and farm dirt and it must not be.
Its land and its people must be in control of the natural shaping factor of its island status.

It is hopeful it will be calm enough to host a few fall pre Christmas working dinner of the various MLAs of the north and the TDs of the south to have informal discussions on the pros and cons of unity of the island.
Not by force, but by reason and justice and the old Reacht.
And without the observation and advise of the every lurcking US and Great Britain trying to help themselves.

The good ladys of Drogeda could amply host a few such dinners at nice sites like Clones of the lace and Creggan in the foothills of the Sperrin Mts.
It would also be progressive if the Garda and the Nips would stop chasing IRA suspects about the countyside and instead invite this malitia reminant of the once Army, both north and south to form an IRA brigade under the command of the National Defence forces with their own colors, history, parade and giving them a chance to participate in the defence of the nation.

The collections monastarys having MS in 800-900 AD are listend below and some or most of them may have been trasfered to Rome and the Vatican in the middle ages and some at Trinity College Library in Dublin which is not being explored by the Archeologists and Manuscript departments in place 'just down the road'.

There are also collections in the US, mostly of books compied from these old manusripts at various American universitys ,secular and church both..

Ambrosia Library, Milan
Turin
Naples
Bobbio
Reichenau
Bauria
Rathisbon
Vienna Marianus Scotus
Treves 2 MS
Cambrian Codex AD 684 Council St Autbert at Cambrai
Life of Brigit Longford
Leyden Dubtach 838AD
University Utrecht
Royal Library Brussel brought from collecton of Louvain


Judi Donnelly
copyright 24 October 2010


Sourse: Ireland Its Saints and Scholars
JM Flood, Kennikat Press, Port Washington /London, 1918/ 1970